Mechanoelectric Feedback as a Trigger Mechanism for Cardiac Electrical Remodeling: A Model Study

Abstract

Regional variation in ionic membrane currents causes differences in action potential duration (APD) and is proarrhythmic. After several weeks of ventricular pacing, AP morphology and duration are changed due to electrical remodeling of the transient outward potassium current (I to) and the L-type calcium current (I Ca,L). It is not clear what mechanism drives electrical remodeling. By modeling the cardiac muscle as a string of segments that are electrically and mechanically coupled, we investigate the hypothesis that electrical remodeling is triggered by changes in mechanical load. Contractile force generated by the sarcomeres depends on the calcium transient and on the sarcomere length. Stroke work is determined for each segment by simulating the cardiac cycle. Electrical remodeling is simulated by adapting I Ca,L kinetics such that a homogeneous distribution of stroke work is obtained. With electrical remodeling, a more homogeneous shortening of the fiber is obtained, while heterogeneity in APD increases and the repolarization wave reverses. Our results are in agreement with experimentally observed homogeneity in mechanics and heterogeneity in electrophysiology. In conclusion, electrical remodeling is a possible mechanism to reduce heterogeneity in cardiomechanics induced by ventricular pacing.

DOI: 10.1007/s10439-008-9559-z

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Cite this paper

@article{Kuijpers2008MechanoelectricFA, title={Mechanoelectric Feedback as a Trigger Mechanism for Cardiac Electrical Remodeling: A Model Study}, author={Nico H. L. Kuijpers and Huub M. M. ten Eikelder and Peter Bovendeerd and Sander Verheule and Theo Arts and Peter A. J. Hilbers}, journal={Annals of Biomedical Engineering}, year={2008}, volume={36}, pages={1816-1835} }