Mechanisms of the decrease in low-temperature electrochemical performance of Li4Ti5O12-based anode materials

Abstract

The electrochemical performances of Li4Ti5O12 (LTO) and Li4Ti5O12-rutile TiO2 (LTO–RTO) composite electrodes at low temperatures were evaluated. The electrochemical performance of both electrodes decreased at low temperatures; regardless, the LTO–RTO electrode performed better than the LTO electrode. First, high viscosity and low ion conductivity of liquid… (More)
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-15504-4

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