Mechanisms of social cognition.

  title={Mechanisms of social cognition.},
  author={Chris D. Frith and Uta Frith},
  journal={Annual review of psychology},
Social animals including humans share a range of social mechanisms that are automatic and implicit and enable learning by observation. Learning from others includes imitation of actions and mirroring of emotions. Learning about others, such as their group membership and reputation, is crucial for social interactions that depend on trust. For accurate prediction of others' changeable dispositions, mentalizing is required, i.e., tracking of intentions, desires, and beliefs. Implicit mentalizing… 

Tables from this paper

Learning from others is good, with others is better: the role of social interaction in human acquisition of new knowledge

Learning in humans is highly embedded in social interaction: since the very early stages of our lives, we form memories and acquire knowledge about the world from and with others. Yet, within

Social Cognition through the Lens of Cognitive and Clinical Neuroscience

The evidence summarized here strongly suggests that the development of remediation procedures for social cognitive skills will represent a future field of translational research in clinical neuroscience.

The Social Modulation of Imitation Fidelity in School-Age Children

The data support social explanations of overimitation and show that the influence of social factors increases with age over the 5- to 8-year-old age range.

Social Robots to Test Flexibility of Human Social Cognition

It is concluded that the human socio-cognitive mechanisms, in adult brains, are sufficiently flexible to be re-used for robotic agents, at least for those that have some level of resemblance to humans.

Learning from humans to build social cognition among robots

2 Self-organized groups of robots have generally coordinated their behaviors using quite simple 3 social interactions. Although simple interactions are sufficient for some group behaviors, future 4

Social Cognition as Reinforcement Learning: Feedback Modulates Emotion Inference

The data suggest that learning about others' emotions, like other forms of feedback learning, relies on domain-general reinforcement mechanisms as well as domain-specific social information processing.

The Social Bayesian Brain: Does Mentalizing Make a Difference When We Learn?

This study is the first demonstration of the added-value of mentalizing on learning in the context of repeated social interactions, and shows that the authors would not be able to decipher intentional behaviour without a priori attributing mental states to others.

Prospects for direct social perception: a multi-theoretical integration to further the science of social cognition

The goal is to extend accounts of social cognition by integrating advances across disciplines to provide a multi-level and multi-theoretic description that can advance this field and offer a means through which to reconcile radical embodied and traditional approaches to cognitive neuroscience.

Brain and psychological mediators of imitation: sociocultural versus physical traits

The acquisition of cultural beliefs and practices is fundamental to human societies. The psychological and neural mechanisms underlying cultural acquisition, however, are not well understood. Here we



Social cognition and the brain: a meta-analysis.

The results suggest that inferring temporary states such as goals, intentions, and desires of other people-even when they are false and unjust from the authors' own perspective--strongly engages the temporo-parietal junction (TPJ) and the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in social cognition.

Implicit learning of social predictions

The social brain: neural basis of social knowledge.

  • R. Adolphs
  • Psychology
    Annual review of psychology
  • 2009
A broad survey of the key abilities, processes, and ways in which to relate these to data from cognitive neuroscience is provided.

Social Cognitive Conflict Resolution: Contributions of Domain-General and Domain-Specific Neural Systems

A model of social cognitive conflict resolution in which competition between social cues would recruit domain-general cognitive control mechanisms, which in turn would bias processing toward the mirror neuron system (MNS) or mental state attribution system (MSAS) is supported.

The Social Sense: Susceptibility to Others’ Beliefs in Human Infants and Adults

It is shown that adults and 7-month-olds automatically encode others” beliefs, and that, surprisingly, others’ beliefs have similar effects as the participants’ own beliefs.

Social cognition, joint attention, and communicative competence from 9 to 15 months of age.

It was found that two measures--the amount of time infants spent in joint engagement with their mothers and the degree to which mothers used language that followed into their infant's focus of attention--predicted infants' earliest skills of gestural and linguistic communication.

The self-attention-induced feedback loop and social facilitation.

Social learning strategies

A number of possible strategies that are predicted by theoretical analyses are discussed, includingcopy when uncertain,copy the majority, andcopy if better, and the empirical evidence in support of each is considered, drawing from both the animal and human social learning literature.