Mechanisms of mindfulness.

  title={Mechanisms of mindfulness.},
  author={Shauna L. Shapiro and Linda Ellen Carlson and John A. Astin and Benedict Freedman},
  journal={Journal of clinical psychology},
  volume={62 3},
Recently, the psychological construct mindfulness has received a great deal of attention. The majority of research has focused on clinical studies to evaluate the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions. This line of research has led to promising data suggesting mindfulness-based interventions are effective for treatment of both psychological and physical symptoms. However, an equally important direction for future research is to investigate questions concerning mechanisms of action… 

Mindfulness and Mindfulness Based Psychotherapy

Recent studies have highlighted the promising benefits of mindfulness-based interventions for a range of clinical issues. The growing interest among practitioners in using mindfulness as an

Psychobiology of Mindfulness

A number of rigorous studies of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression have been positive, however, much remains to be discovered about the underlying mechanisms of and clinical indications for mindfulness- based approaches.

Mindfulness: Theoretical Foundations and Evidence for its Salutary Effects

Interest in mindfulness and its enhancement has burgeoned in recent years. In this article, we discuss in detail the nature of mindfulness and its relation to other, established theories of attention

Mechanisms of Mindfulness: A Buddhist Psychological Model

Several models have explored the possible change mechanisms underlying mindfulness-based interventions from the perspectives of multiple disciplines, including cognitive science, affective

Mindfulness Based Therapies and Therapeutic Processes

Mindfulness is based on focusing attention to present moment and observing present moment experiences in a non-judgmental and accepting way. Mindfulness has been applied as a therapy method in

Exploring the Effects of Brief Mindfulness and Reappraisal Training on Executive Control and Affect

Despite the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions for a wide range of psychological problems, their mechanisms remain unknown. Analogue studies of key treatment components can help distinguish

Mechanisms of mindfulness: Evaluating theories and proposing a model

Clinical interest in mindfulness theories and interventions for the treatment of psychological problems such as anxiety and mood disorders has increased dramatically over the last decade. Alongside

Applications of mindfulness in psychiatry

It is proved that mindfulness interventions affect emotion regulation, attention regulation, body awareness and perspective of the self and the effect of mindfulness based interventions in the treatment of mental disorders is supported by scientific rationale of its mechanism of action.



Mindfulness Training as a Clinical Intervention: A Conceptual and Empirical Review

Interventions based on training in mindfulness skills are becoming increasingly popular. Mindfulness involves intentionally bringing one's attention to the internal and external experiences occurring

The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being.

  • K. BrownR. Ryan
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 2003
Correlational, quasi-experimental, and laboratory studies show that the MAAS measures a unique quality of consciousness that is related to a variety of well-being constructs, that differentiates mindfulness practitioners from others, and that is associated with enhanced self-awareness.

Mindfulness : A proposed operational definition

There has been substantial interest in mindfulness as an approach to reduce cognitive vulnerability to stress and emotional distress in recent years. However, thus far mindfulness has not been

What Do We Really Know About Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction?

A critical evaluation of the available state of knowledge regarding MBSR and suggestions for future research are provided, finding that the available evidence does not support a strong endorsement of this approach at present.

Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits. A meta-analysis.

Although derived from a relatively small number of studies, these results suggest that MBSR may help a broad range of individuals to cope with their clinical and nonclinical problems.

Intentional systemic mindfulness: an integrative model for self-regulation and health.

Intentional systemic mindfulness a model that explicitly introduces intention into self-regulation theory and practice is explored, which addresses both "why" and "how" one directs attention, which may promote healing on multiple levels.

Mindfulness-Based Interventions in Context: Past, Present, and Future

studies from the Center for Mindfulness in Medicine, Health Care, and Society not reviewed by Baer but which raise a number of key questions about clinical applicability, study design, and mechanism

A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness meditation versus relaxation training: Effects on distress, positive states of mind, rumination, and distraction

The data suggest that compared with a no-treatment control, brief training in mindfulness meditation or somatic relaxation reduces distress and improves positive mood states, and mindfulness meditation may be specific in its ability to reduce distractive and ruminative thoughts and behaviors.

The clinical use of mindfulness meditation for the self-regulation of chronic pain

At follow-up, the improvements observed during the meditation training were maintained up to 15 months post-meditation training for all measures except present-moment pain, and the relationship of mindfulness meditation to other psychological methods for chronic pain control is discussed.

Are Psychological and Ecological Well-being Compatible? The Role of Values, Mindfulness, and Lifestyle

Happiness and ecological well-being are often portrayed as conflictual pursuits, but they may actually be complementary. In samples of adolescents (Study 1) and adults (Study 2), we tested this