Mechanisms of macrolide resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from Russia.

@article{Reinert2008MechanismsOM,
  title={Mechanisms of macrolide resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from Russia.},
  author={R. Reinert and Olga Y Filimonova and Adnan Al-Lahham and Svetlana A Grudinina and Elena N. Ilina and Linda M Weigel and Sergey Sidorenko},
  journal={Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy},
  year={2008},
  volume={52 6},
  pages={
          2260-2
        }
}
Among 76 macrolide-nonsusceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates collected between 2003 and 2005 from Central Russia, the resistance mechanisms detected in the isolates included erm(B) alone (50%), mef alone [mef(E), mef(I), or a different mef subclass; 19.7%], or both erm(B) and mef(E) (30.3%). Isolates with dual resistance genes [erm(B) and mef(E)] belonged to clonal complex CC81 or CC271. 

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