Mechanisms for stronger warming over drier ecoregions observed since 1979

@article{Zhou2016MechanismsFS,
  title={Mechanisms for stronger warming over drier ecoregions observed since 1979},
  author={Liming Zhou and Haishan Chen and Wenjian Hua and Yongjiu Dai and Nan Wei},
  journal={Climate Dynamics},
  year={2016},
  volume={47},
  pages={2955-2974}
}
Previous research found that the warming rate observed for the period 1979–2012 increases dramatically with decreasing vegetation greenness over land between 50°S and 50°N, with the strongest warming rate seen over the driest regions such as the Sahara desert and the Arabian Peninsula, suggesting warming amplification over deserts. To further this finding, this paper explores possible mechanisms for this amplification by analyzing observations, reanalysis data and historical simulations of… 
Desert Amplification in a Warming Climate
  • Liming Zhou
  • Environmental Science
    Scientific reports
  • 2016
TLDR
Analysis of surface temperature anomalies over land between 50°S-50°N for the period 1950–2099 by large-scale ecoregion indicates that desert amplification may represent a fundamental pattern of global warming associated with water vapor feedbacks over land in low- and mid- latitudes where surface warming rates depend inversely on ecosystem dryness.
Observational Evidence for Desert Amplification Using Multiple Satellite Datasets
TLDR
Observational evidence is presented using multiple satellite-derived datasets that desert amplification is a real large-scale pattern of warming mode in near surface and low-tropospheric temperatures and that it results from the strongest water vapor feedbacks near the surface over the driest deserts.
The boreal summer zonal wavenumber-3 trend pattern and its connection with surface enhanced warming
The Northern Hemisphere warms faster under global warming and suffers from more frequent heatwaves, causing considerable social and economic damage. The Northern Hemisphere surface warming exhibits
Diurnal asymmetry of desert amplification and its possible connections to planetary boundary layer height: a case study for the Arabian Peninsula
Recent studies using observations, reanalysis data and climate model simulations documented that 2 m surface air temperature (T2m) has been amplified over the world’s hottest and driest Sahara Desert
Effects of Nonuniform Land Surface Warming on Summer Anomalous Extratropical Cyclone Activity and the East Asian Summer Monsoon: Numerical Experiments with a Regional Climate Model
Previous studies detected significant negative correlations between the nonuniform land surface warming and the decadal weakened activities of the summer extratropical cyclones (ECs) over East Asia
Contributions of radiative factors to enhanced dryland warming over East Asia
Enhanced near‐surface atmospheric warming has occurred over East Asia in recent decades, especially in drylands. Although local factors have been confirmed to provide considerable contributions to
Impact of Nonuniform Land Surface Warming on Summer Anomalous Extratropical Cyclone Activity Over East Asia
As one of the typical midlatitude synoptic‐scale disturbances, extratropical cyclones (ECs) can exert significant impacts on the atmospheric general circulation through its interaction with the time
Spatial Patterns and Trends in Surface Air Temperatures and Implied Changes in Atmospheric Moisture Across the Hawaiian Islands, 1905–2017
While the Hawaiian Islands are experiencing long‐term warming, spatial and temporal patterns are poorly characterized. Drawing on daily temperature records from 309 stations (1905–2017), we explored
Interannual Variability in August Drought in Northern China and the Corresponding Climate Shift
This study examines August droughts in northern China (north of 35°N) at interannual and interdecadal timescales. During the period from 1968 to 1992, the precipitation in the western and eastern
Amplified summer warming in Europe–West Asia and Northeast Asia after the mid-1990s
Regional temperature changes are a crucial factor in affecting agriculture, ecosystems and societies, which depend greatly on local temperatures. We identify a nonuniform warming pattern in summer
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 65 REFERENCES
Stronger warming amplification over drier ecoregions observed since 1979
Observations show that the global mean surface temperature has increased steadily since the 1950s and this warming trend is particularly strong and linear over land after 1979. This paper analyzes
How Fast Are the Tropics Expanding
AbstractDiagnosing the sensitivity of the tropical belt provides one framework for understanding how global precipitation patterns may change in a warming world. This paper seeks to understand boreal
Land/sea warming ratio in response to climate change: IPCC AR4 model results and comparison with observations
Climate model simulations consistently show that in response to greenhouse gas forcing surface temperatures over land increase more rapidly than over sea. The enhanced warming over land is not simply
Detection and attribution of anthropogenic forcing to diurnal temperature range changes from 1950 to 1999: comparing multi-model simulations with observations
Observations show that the surface diurnal temperature range (DTR) has decreased since 1950s over most global land areas due to a smaller warming in maximum temperatures (Tmax) than in minimum
Trends in Land–Atmosphere Interactions from CMIP5 Simulations
AbstractData from 15 models of phase 5 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) for preindustrial, historical, and future climate change experiments are examined for consensus changes in
Global warming-accelerated drying in the tropics
  • R. Fu
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2015
TLDR
Climate models for the first time find an intensification of the HC induced by CO2 warming, a result of recurring natural climate variability on a decadal time scale or a trend forced by increasing atmospheric CO2.
Tropospheric temperature trends: history of an ongoing controversy
Changes in atmospheric temperature have a particular importance in climate research because climate models consistently predict a distinctive vertical profile of trends. With increasing greenhouse
Amplified warming projections for high altitude regions of the northern hemisphere mid-latitudes from CMIP5 models
We use output from global climate models available from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) for three different greenhouse gas emission scenarios to investigate whether the
Response and sensitivity of the nocturnal boundary layer over land to added longwave radiative forcing
[1] One of the most significant signals in the thermometer-observed temperature record since 1900 is the decrease in the diurnal temperature range over land, largely due to rising of the minimum
Contribution of solar radiation to decadal temperature variability over land
TLDR
Long comprehensive datasets for diurnal temperature range are used to establish what has been the contribution of Rs to decadal temperature variability, showing that surface incident solar radiation over land globally peaked in the 1930s, substantially decreased from the 1940s to the 1970s, and changed little after that.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...