Mechanisms and neural basis of object and pattern recognition: a study with chess experts.

  title={Mechanisms and neural basis of object and pattern recognition: a study with chess experts.},
  author={Merim Bilalic and Robert Langner and Michael Erb and Wolfgang Grodd},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. General},
  volume={139 4},
Comparing experts with novices offers unique insights into the functioning of cognition, based on the maximization of individual differences. Here we used this expertise approach to disentangle the mechanisms and neural basis behind two processes that contribute to everyday expertise: object and pattern recognition. We compared chess experts and novices performing chess-related and -unrelated (visual) search tasks. As expected, the superiority of experts was limited to the chess-specific task… CONTINUE READING
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