Mechanisms and efficacy of heat and cold therapies for musculoskeletal injury

@article{Malanga2015MechanismsAE,
  title={Mechanisms and efficacy of heat and cold therapies for musculoskeletal injury},
  author={Gerard A. Malanga and Ning Yan and Jill Stark},
  journal={Postgraduate Medicine},
  year={2015},
  volume={127},
  pages={57 - 65}
}
Abstract Nonpharmacological treatment strategies for acute musculoskeletal injury revolve around pain reduction and promotion of healing in order to facilitate a return to normal function and activity. Heat and cold therapy modalities are often used to facilitate this outcome despite prevalent confusion about which modality (heat vs cold) to use and when to use it. Most recommendations for the use of heat and cold therapy are based on empirical experience, with limited evidence to support the… 
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