Mechanism of lysophosphatidic acid-induced amyloid fibril formation of beta(2)-microglobulin in vitro under physiological conditions.

Beta(2)-microglobulin- (beta2m-) based fibril deposition is the key symptom in dialysis-related amyloidosis. beta2m readily forms amyloid fibrils in vitro at pH 2.5. However, it is not well understood which factors promote this process in vivo, because beta2m cannot polymerize at neutral pH without additives even at elevated concentration. Here we show that… (More)