Mechanism of action of ixabepilone and its interactions with the βIII-tubulin isotype

@article{Lopus2015MechanismOA,
  title={Mechanism of action of ixabepilone and its interactions with the $\beta$III-tubulin isotype},
  author={Manu Lopus and Gregoriy Smiyun and Herbert P. Miller and Emin Oroudjev and Leslie Wilson and Mary Ann Jordan},
  journal={Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology},
  year={2015},
  volume={76},
  pages={1013-1024}
}
Ixabepilone (Ixempra, BMS-247550), a semisynthetic analog of epothilone B, is a microtubule-targeted drug in clinical use for treatment of metastatic or locally advanced breast cancer. [] Key Result The βIII isotype of tubulin is associated with drug resistance and tumor aggressivity. We found that removal (in vitro) and knockdown (in cells) of βIII-tubulin led to increased inhibition of microtubule dynamic instability by ixabepilone.

Effects of eribulin on microtubule binding and dynamic instability are strengthened in the absence of the βIII tubulin isotype.

aberibulin suppressed the dynamic instability behavior of βIII-depleted microtubules more strongly than and in a manner different from that of micro Tubules containing βIII tubulin.

Elucidation of the anticancer potential and tubulin isotype-specific interactions of β-sitosterol

The data show the tubulin-targeted anticancer potential of β-SITO, and its potential clinical utility against βII and βIII isotype-overexpressing neoplasms.

βIII-tubulin enhances efficacy of cabazitaxel as compared with docetaxel

Cabazitaxel may be unusual among microtubule-targeted drugs in its superior anti-tumor efficacy in tumors overexpressing βIII-tubulin.

2-(m-Azidobenzoyl)taxol binds differentially to distinct β-tubulin isotypes

Analysis of the sequences of β-tubulin near the Taxol binding site indicated that, in addition to the M-loop that is known to be involved in drug binding, the leucine cluster region of βIII- Tubulin contains a unique residue, alanine, at 218, compared with other isotypes that contain threonine.

Astragalus membranaceus–Derived Anti-Programmed Death-1 Monoclonal Antibodies with Immunomodulatory Therapeutic Effects against Tumors

Experimental results indirectly indicate the ability of APS to induce specific antibodies associated with the immune checkpoint system and the potential benefits for improving immunity in humans.

Safranal Inhibits HeLa Cell Viability by Perturbing the Reassembly Potential of Microtubules

As the acetylation pattern of the safranal‐treated microtubules revealed, unlike many tubulin‐targeted agents, the compound did not appear to induce persistent stabilization of micro Tubulin, indicating its ability to interfere with the nucleation potential of tubulin.

Chemotherapy reaction induced by ixabepilone, a microtubule stabilizing agent, mimicking extramammary Paget's disease in a patient with breast carcinoma

A case of a 67‐year‐old female with locally advanced metastatic breast cancer, who initially presented with an extensive reticulated erythematous patch on the trunk caused by intravascular metastases confirmed by a skin biopsy, and the demonstration of epidermal mitotic arrest caused by ixabepilone is without precedent.

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