Comparison of in vitro metabolism of ticlopidine by human cytochrome P450 2B6 and rabbit cytochrome P450 2B4.
Mechanism-based inhibition of CYP2B6 in human liver microsomes by thienopyridine antiplatelet agents ticlopidine and clopidogrel and the thiolactone metabolites of those two agents plus that of prasugrel were investigated by determining the time- and concentration-dependent inhibition of the activity of bupropion hydroxylase as the typical CYP2B6 activity. By comparing the ratios of k(inact) (maximal inactivation rate constant)/K(I) (the inactivator concentration producing a half-maximal rate of inactivation), it was found that the thiolactone metabolite of prasugrel is 10- and 22-fold less potent, respectively, in the mechanism-based inhibition of CYP2B6 than ticlopidine and clopidogrel. The k(inact)/K(I) ratio of the thiolactone metabolite of ticlopidine was comparable with that of the parent compound, whereas this ratio for the thiolactone metabolite of clopidogrel was significantly smaller than that of clopidogrel. In conclusion, ticlopidine, its thiolactone metabolite, and clopidogrel were more potent mechanism-based inhibitors of CYP2B6 than the thiolactone metabolite of prasugrel.