Mechanical properties and application analysis of spider silk bionic material

@article{Gu2020MechanicalPA,
  title={Mechanical properties and application analysis of spider silk bionic material},
  author={Yunqing Gu and Lingzhi Yu and Jiegang Mou and Denghao Wu and Peijian Zhou and Maosen Xu},
  journal={e-Polymers},
  year={2020},
  volume={20},
  pages={443 - 457}
}
Abstract Spider silk is a kind of natural biomaterial with superior performance. Its mechanical properties and biocompatibility are incomparable with those of other natural and artificial materials. This article first summarizes the structure and the characteristics of natural spider silk. It shows the great research value of spider silk and spider silk bionic materials. Then, the development status of spider silk bionic materials is reviewed from the perspectives of material mechanical… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Bio-Inspired 4D Printing of Dynamic Spider Silks

Spider silks exhibit excellent mechanical properties and have promising application prospects in engineering fields. Because natural spider silk fibers cannot be manufactured on a large scale,

Preparation and characterization of a novel composite membrane of natural silk fiber/nano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan for guided bone tissue regeneration

Abstract Natural silk fiber (SF) was introduced into the chitosan/nano-hydroxyapatite (CS/n-HA) system to fabricate a novel guided bone tissue regeneration (GBR) membrane. The effect of different

Biomimicking spider webs for effective fog water harvesting with electrospun polymer fibers.

This review summarizes the current state of the art on water collection by fibrous meshes and offers suggestions for the testing of new designs under laboratory conditions by classifying the parameters already reported in experimental set-ups.

The use of chitosan as a skin-regeneration agent in burns injuries: A review

The properties of chitosan that validate its potential in the treatment of skin burns are described, which include antibacterial and antifungal activities and the ability to absorb physiological fluids.

Modulating Surface Properties of the Linothele fallax Spider Web by Solvent Treatment.

The extracts produced with the solvents were analyzed using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry techniques, revealing unsaturated fatty acids as representative adsorbed species, which may explain the mild antibacterial effect of the spider silk.

Bending Study of Six Biological Models for Design of High Strength and Tough Structures

High strength and tough structures are beneficial to increasing engineering components service span. Nonetheless, improving structure strength and, simultaneously, toughness is difficult, since these

Bio-inspired manufacturing of superwetting surfaces for fog collection and anti-icing applications

As a century-old concept, superwettability has aroused the interest of researchers in the past decades, attributed to the discoveries of the mechanisms of special wetting phenomena in nature.

Research Progress and Prospects of Agricultural Aero-Bionic Technology in China

This study summarized the research progress of biomimetic technology in the field of agricultural aviation from three aspects of biological perception, biological behavior, and biological intelligence, and provided a reference for the development of bionic technology in China's agricultural aviation.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 92 REFERENCES

Recombinant spider silk proteins for applications in biomaterials.

This work highlights recombinant spider silk films and particles as morphologies that represent model systems with adjustable material properties controlled by process parameters that make silk-based materials good candidates for biomedical applications such as drug delivery systems and scaffolds for tissue engineering.

A structural view on spider silk proteins and their role in fiber assembly

  • F. Hagn
  • Chemistry
    Journal of peptide science : an official publication of the European Peptide Society
  • 2012
The focus will be on the structure and function of the highly conserved N‐domains and C‐terminal domains of spider dragline silk which, unlike the very long repetitive sequence elements, adopt a folded conformation in solution and are therefore able to control intermolecular interactions and aggregation between other spider silk molecules.

Biomimetic composites with enhanced toughening using silk-inspired triblock proteins and aligned nanocellulose reinforcements

Silk-like proteins produced in bacteria are used as adhesives for cellulose nanofibrils to make a new biological material. Silk and cellulose are biopolymers that show strong potential as future

Recovery in spider silk fibers

The extreme toughness of spider silk is dependent on the silk's ability to dissipate most of the mechanical energy imparted to the fiber during loading processes through irreversible deformations.

Interactions between Spider Silk and Cells – NIH/3T3 Fibroblasts Seeded on Miniature Weaving Frames

Native spider silk does not require any modification to its application as a biomaterial that can rival any artificial material in terms of cell growth promoting properties, and adhesion mechanics on intracellular level are shown.

Spider silks: recombinant synthesis, assembly, spinning, and engineering of synthetic proteins

  • T. Scheibel
  • Biology, Medicine
    Microbial cell factories
  • 2004
A new protein engineering approach, which combines synthetic repetitive silk sequences with authentic silk domains, reveals proteins that closely resemble silk proteins and that can be produced at high yields, which provides a basis for cost-efficient large scale production of spider silk-like proteins.

Bioprospecting Finds the Toughest Biological Material: Extraordinary Silk from a Giant Riverine Orb Spider

Caerostris darwini produces the toughest known biomaterial, and this hypothesis predicts that rapid change in material properties of silk co-occurred with ecological shifts within the genus, and can be tested by combining material science, behavioral observations, and phylogenetics.

Spider silk: from soluble protein to extraordinary fiber.

This work presents natural and artificial silk production processes, from gene transcription to silk protein processing and finally fiber assembly, which will enable applications of these fascinating protein-based materials in technical and medical sciences.
...