• Corpus ID: 45152941

Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Hydroxyapatite-Impregnated Bone Cement

  title={Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Hydroxyapatite-Impregnated Bone Cement},
  author={Kemal Şerbetçi and Feza Korkusuz and Nesrin Hasırcı},
  journal={Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences},
Self-curing acrylic cements, consisting mainly of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), are widely used in dentistry and orthopedic surgery. One of the major side effects of the standard PMMA application is tissue necrosis at the bone-cement interface due to the rise of temperature during the polymerization reaction. This may also lead to aseptic loosening over time. Therefore, intense research is being carried out in the development of bone cements with new compositions. In this study, the aim was to… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Acrylic cement formulations modified with calcium deficient apatite nanoparticles for orthopaedic applications
Exothermic heat dissipation during the polymerization has been found to significantly decrease with the calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite nanoparticle incorporation in the bone cement, and the composite cement becomes more hydrophilic.
PMMA/Ca2+ Bone cements: Part I. Physico chemical and thermoanalytical characterization
−− Acrylic bone cements of poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) have been used for about 40 years to fix artificial prosthesis to bone structure. The objective of this study was to evaluate the thermo
Static mechanical properties of hydroxyapatite (HA) powder-filled acrylic bone cements: effect of type of HA powder.
It was found that the inclusion of any type of HA powder led to an increase in the tensile modulus (ET), but all the other mechanical properties of the cement decreased (relative to the values of the unfilled cement).
New Composite Bone Cement Based on Hydroxyapatite and Nanosilver
The results reveal that the CS for bone cement was between 133.37 and 146.70 MPa and CM was between 1.68 and 1.82 GPa (p > 0.05), and addition of nanosilver and ZrO2 increased radiopacity of experimental bone cement.
Acrylic bone cements: Effects of the poly(methyl methacrylate) powder size and chitosan addition on their properties
The effect of the particle size of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and the incorporation of chitosan (CH) on the mechanical and thermal properties and the biocompatibility of acrylic bone cements
Polymethyl Methacrylate-Based Bone Cements Containing Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene Oxide: An Overview of Physical, Mechanical, and Biological Properties
This review article aims to evaluate mechanical properties, self-setting characteristics, biocompatibility, and bioactivity of the PMMA-based BCs composites containing carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene oxide (GO), and carbon-based compounds.


Polymethylmethacrylate-based bone cement modified with hydroxyapatite.
A commercial acrylic bone cement was modified by the incorporation of different weight fractions of polycrystalline hydroxyapatite (HA) to find that up to 15 wt% HA could be added for increases in flexural modulus and fracture toughness.
Innovations in acrylic bone cement and application equipment.
A new bone cement was developed with the purpose of reducing the adverse biological effects during cementation of implants by substitution of half of the methylmethacrylate in the monomer with long chain, high molecular weight, less volatile, and less soluble methacrylates.
Improvement of mechanical properties of acrylic bone cement by fiber reinforcement.
  • S. SahaS. Pal
  • Materials Science, Engineering
    Journal of biomechanics
  • 1984
A comparison of mechanical properties of discontinuous Kevlar 29 fibre reinforced bone and dental cements
A comparative study of the fracture behaviour of Kevlar 29 reinforced bone and dental cements is undertaken using both linear elastic and non-linear elastic fracture mechanics approaches, which reflect improved fracture toughness at very low fibre contents.
Examination of hydroxyapatite filled 4-META/MMA-TBB adhesive bone cement in vitro and in vivo environment.
The results suggest the importance of HA fillers in inducing bone apposition that improves cement binding to bone for long-term stability, thereby complementing rapid initial bone fixation of the cement.
Examination of human bone surrounded by a dense hydroxyapatite dental implant after long-term use.
From this study, the characteristics of biological affinity, functional adaptability, and material stability suggested that D-HAP is a suitable material for dental implants.