The mechanical properties of dry and wet polymeric films prepared from various aqueous polymeric dispersions were evaluated by a puncture test. They were studied with respect to type of polymer dispersion [cellulosic: Aquacoat and Surelease; acrylic: Eudragit NE, L, RS, and RL 30 D], plasticizer type (water-soluble or water-insoluble), drying or curing conditions, method of film preparation (pseudolatex- vs solvent casting) and ratio of Eudragit RS/RL 30 D in mixed Eudragit RS/RL films. Dry and wet mechanical strengths of the polymeric films depended primarily on the types of the colloidal polymer dispersion and the plasticizer. Films prepared from ethylcellulose dispersions resulted in very weak and brittle films when compared to the acrylic films. Pseudolatex-cast ethylcellulose films showed lower puncture strength and elongation values when compared to those of the solvent-cast films. Curing of the pseudolatex-cast ethylcellulose films had minimal effects on their mechanical properties. Eudragit L 30D, an enteric polymer dispersion, resulted in brittle films in the dry state, but in very flexible films in the wet state because of the plasticization effect of water. Wet Eudragit RS 30 D polymer films plasticized with water-insoluble plasticizers were significantly more flexible than the corresponding wet films plasticized with water-soluble plasticizers. The water-soluble plasticizers leached from the films during exposure to the aqueous medium, while the water-insoluble plasticizers were almost completely retained within the wet films. The low permeability of a water-soluble drug, chlorpheniramine maleate, and the weak mechanical properties of Aquacoat films could suggest osmotic driven/rupturing effects as the release mechanisms from Aquacoat-coated dosage forms.