Meat made us moral: a hypothesis on the nature and evolution of moral judgment

@article{Mameli2013MeatMU,
  title={Meat made us moral: a hypothesis on the nature and evolution of moral judgment},
  author={Matteo Mameli},
  journal={Biology \& Philosophy},
  year={2013},
  volume={28},
  pages={903-931}
}
  • M. Mameli
  • Published 18 September 2013
  • Philosophy
  • Biology & Philosophy
In the first part of the article, an account of moral judgment in terms of emotional dispositions is given. This account provides an expressivist explanation of three important features of moral demands: inescapability, authority independence and meriting. In the second part of the article, some ideas initially put forward by Christopher Boehm are developed and modified in order to provide a hypothesis about the evolution of the ability to token moral judgments. This hypothesis makes… 
Bargaining and descriptive content: prospects for a teleosemantic ethics
Teleosemantics is the view that mental content depends on etiological function. Moral adaptationism is the view that human morality is an evolved adaptation. Jointly, these two views offer new venues
Power in Cultural Evolution and the Spread of Prosocial Norms
  • N. Cofnas
  • Biology
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 2018
TLDR
It is argued here, based on work by Boehm (1999, 2012), that, from at least the time of the early Middle Paleolithic, human bands were controlled by powerful coalitions of the majority that deliberately guided the development of moral norms to promote the common good.
Human domestication and the roles of human agency in human evolution
TLDR
How discussions of human domestication can contribute to debates about how, and to what extent, human agency has affected human evolution is illustrated.
Ēdiens kā sociālā slāņa un nacionālās piederības robežzīme
Taking into account the research conclusions in social and natural sciences, gastropoetics as a research method allows to examine a literary text in-depth revealing the causal relationships and
Why do ownership institutions change when energy systems change?
In this working paper, I ask why different kinds of societies tend to have different ownership institutions, and what it is about the energy systems of those societies that helps explain the why
Biomimetic Organisations: A Management Model that Learns from Nature
Since the end of the last century, different approaches for corporate management have been appearing that try to incorporate the social advances that are being produced and disseminated thanks to the
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 78 REFERENCES
The nature of moral judgements and the extent of the moral domain
Joyce [2006. The evolution of morality. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press] offers an evolutionary explanation for the trait of making moral judgements. Here, I defend Joyce's account of moral judgement
The Evolution of Morality
Moral thinking pervades our practical lives, but where did this way of thinking come from, and what purpose does it serve? Is it to be explained by environmental pressures on our ancestors a million
The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment.
  • J. Haidt
  • Psychology
    Psychological review
  • 2001
TLDR
The author gives 4 reasons for considering the hypothesis that moral reasoning does not cause moral judgment; rather, moral reasoning is usually a post hoc construction, generated after a judgment has been reached.
The Development of Morality
Moral development is examined from the perspective of the major theoretical approaches. The chapter begins with discussion of historical roots of the psychology of morality. The issues accorded
Moral sentiments and cooperation: Differential influences of shame and guilt
For centuries economists and psychologists (Frank, 1988; Ketelaar, 2004; Smith, 1759) have argued that moral emotions motivate cooperation. Ketelaar and Au (2003) recently found first evidence that
Internalist Moral Cognitivism and Listlessness
What role, if any, can moral theory properly play in the project of constructing a theory of motivation? Answering this question is a task for a book, not an article. This article addresses a piece
The Responsibility of the Psychopath Revisited
The question of the psychopath's responsibility for his or her wrongdoing has received considerable attention. Much of this attention has been directed toward whether psychopaths are a counterexample
The Emotional Construction of Morals
Preamble: Naturalism and Hume's Law PART I. MORALITY AND EMOTION 1. Emotionism 2. Emotions: Nonmoral and Moral 3. Sensibility Saved 4. Against Objectivity PART II. CONSTRUCTING MORALS 5. Dining with
The biology of moral systems
TLDR
The author argues that the ultimate interests of humans are reproductive, and that the concept of morality has arisen within groups because of its contribution to unity in the context, ultimately, of success in intergroup competition.
...
...