Meat Eating, Hominid Sociality, and Home Bases Revisited

  title={Meat Eating, Hominid Sociality, and Home Bases Revisited},
  author={Lisa M. Rose and Fiona B. Marshall},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={307 - 338}
La facon dont les premiers hominides du Plio/Pleistocene consommaient de la viande est etudiee d'un point de vue ecologique et comportemental en analysant des sites archeologique de l'Afrique Orientale permettant de determiner le comportement des primates et d'expliquer leur instinct social 
Early hominid hunting and scavenging: A zooarcheological review
Before the early 1980s, the prevailing orthodoxy in paleoanthropology considered Early Stone Age archeological sites in East Africa to represent a primitive form of hominid campsites. The faunal
Human adaptations to meat eating
It is argued that Homo sapiens is a habitual rather than a facultative meat eater and Quantitative similarity of human gut morphology to guts of carnivorous mammals, preferential absorption of haem rather than iron of plant origin, and the almost complete human specificity of T. solium are used to support the argument.
COHESIÓN Y DISTANCIA SOCIAL. EL CONSUMO COMENSAL DE BÓVIDOS EN EL RITUAL FUNERARIO DE LAS SOCIEDADES ARGÁRICAS Cohesion and social distance: the commensal consumption of bovids during funerary rituals of Argaric societies
The social relevance attained by different forms of food consumption, especially those related to meat eating, will be analysed. The ritualisation of specific practices of consumption has
Grandmothering and the evolution of homo erectus.
An alternative scenario is developed, that climate-driven adjustments in female foraging and food sharing practices, possibly involving tubers, favored significant changes in ancestral life history, morphology, and ecology leading to the appearance, spread and persistence of H. erectus.
Gender and age identities in rituals of comensality. The argaric societies
Analysis of meat offerings included in the grave goods of Argaric burials has shown the importance of commensality practices for these societies not only as a part of the funerary ritual but also as
What’s a Mother to Do?
Recent huntergatherers display much uniformity in the division of labor along the lines of gender and age. The complementary economic roles for men and women typical of ethnographically documented
Hunting and Scavenging by Early Humans: The State of the Debate
During the last 25 years, there has been a shift towards the belief that early humans were scavengers instead of hunters. This revisionist interpretation has brought a reconciliation with the
Meat traditions. The co-evolution of humans and meat


Savanna Ecology and Natural Bone Deposition: Implications for Early Hominid Site Formation, Hunting, and Scavenging
  • M. Tappen
  • Geography, Biology
    Current Anthropology
  • 1995
Les savannes modernes de l'Est Africain servent de modele premier aux paleoenvironnements des premiers hominides, que pendant certaines periodes du Plio/Pleistocene pendant lesquelles les hommes vivaient.
Scavenging or Hunting in Early Hominids: Theoretical Framework and Tests
Evidence from Bed I, Olduvai, supports the hypothesis that scavenging, not hunting, was the major meat-procurement strategy of hominids between 2 and 1.7 million years ago. Data used to evaluate the
Archaeological evidence for meat-eating by Plio-Pleistocene hominids from Koobi Fora and Olduvai Gorge
  • H. Bunn
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 1981
The importance of meat-eating in human evolution has long been a controversial subject1–4. The best available evidence of hominid activities between 2 and 1.5 Myr ago is the archaeological record
Carnivority and Cannibalism Observed among Forest-living Chimpanzees
From these observations it became clear that meat-eating occurs not only among sevannaliving chimpanzees but also among forest-living chimpanzees.
The Relevance of Carnivore Behavior to the Study of Early Hominids
Attempts have been made to deduce the social life of early hominids by means of the comparative study of non-human primates. But since social systems are strongly influenced by ecological conditions,
The social life of a black-and-white Colobus monkey, Colobus guereza.
  • J. Oates
  • Psychology
    Zeitschrift fur Tierpsychologie
  • 1977
To investigate relationships between ecology and social organization, observations were made on several populations of Colobus guereza in East Africa in 1970-74 and results are reported, emphasizing differences in male and female strategies.
Early hominid utilisation of fish resources and implications for seasonality and behaviour
While research into the diet and subsistence of early hominids has focussed primarily on medium to large size mammals, modern ethnographic and dietary evidence suggests that other food sources are of
Food Sharing and Body Part Representation in Okiek Faunal Assemblages
Meat sharing among the Okiek occurs between isolated households and is chiefly patterned by social relationships, hunting success and animal size, creating similar body part profiles to those commonly attributed by archaeologists to differential transport of animal carcasses.
Vertebrate predation in Cebus capucinus: meat eating in a neotropical monkey.
  • L. Fedigan
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    Folia primatologica; international journal of primatology
  • 1990
It is argued that successful vertebrate predation can readily arise in species like Cebus, which are characterized by opportunistic foraging patterns, manipulative and cognitive skills and well-developed techniques for locating and subduing invertebrate prey.