Measuring the loss of autonomy over nicotine use in adolescents: the DANDY (Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youths) study.

@article{Difranza2002MeasuringTL,
  title={Measuring the loss of autonomy over nicotine use in adolescents: the DANDY (Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youths) study.},
  author={Joseph R Difranza and Judith A. Savageau and Kenneth Fletcher and Judith K. Ockene and Nancy A. Rigotti and Ann McNeill and Mardia Coleman and Constance L. Wood},
  journal={Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine},
  year={2002},
  volume={156 4},
  pages={397-403}
}
CONTEXT There is no validated, theory-based tool for assessing the onset of nicotine dependence. However, the use of all addictive substances can result in a loss of autonomy. We propose that nicotine dependence begins when autonomy is lost, ie, when the sequelae of tobacco use, either physical or psychological, present a barrier to quitting. OBJECTIVES To test the autonomy theory of nicotine dependence, and to evaluate the Hooked on Nicotine Checklist (HONC) as a measure of the loss of… CONTINUE READING

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