Measuring the complexity of urban form and design

@article{Boeing2018MeasuringTC,
  title={Measuring the complexity of urban form and design},
  author={Geoff Boeing},
  journal={URBAN DESIGN International},
  year={2018},
  volume={23},
  pages={281-292}
}
  • Geoff Boeing
  • Published 26 April 2017
  • Computer Science
  • URBAN DESIGN International
Complex systems have become a popular lens for analyzing cities, and complexity theory has many implications for urban performance and resilience. This paper develops a typology of measures and indicators for assessing the physical complexity of the built environment at the scale of urban design. It extends quantitative measures from city planning, network science, ecosystems studies, fractal geometry, statistical physics, and information theory to the analysis of urban form and qualitative… 
Methods and Measures for Analyzing Complex Street Networks and Urban Form
TLDR
This dissertation unpacks theories of nonlinearity and complex systems, then develops a framework for assessing the complexity of urban form and street networks, and introduces a new tool, OSMnx, to collect street network and other urban form data for anywhere in the world, then analyze and visualize them.
Shaping Dimensions of Urban Complexity: The Role of Economic Structure and Socio-Demographic Local Contexts
Diversification in urban functions—a key component of urban complexity—was analysed using Pielou’s evenness indexes for 12 socioeconomic dimensions (economic structure, working classes, education,
Spatial Information and the Legibility of Urban Form: Big Data in Urban Morphology
The Assessment of Cities Physical Complexity through Urban Energy Consumption
  • M. Amen
  • History
    Civil Engineering and Architecture
  • 2021
Complex systems analysis is a widely used technique for assessing urban efficiency and sustainability of cities. However, sustainable cities need an effective energy management strategy based on
Revisiting Urban Resilience: A Review on Resilience of Spatial Structure in Urban Refugee Neighborhoods Facing Demographic Changes
Providing a durable and sustainable approach based on urban resilience is essential for solving many spatial challenges in neighborhoods with sudden refugee influxes. As refugees settle in different
Measuring urban form: Overcoming terminological inconsistencies for a quantitative and comprehensive morphologic analysis of cities
TLDR
A study of existing methods for measuring urban form, with a focus on terminological inconsistencies, is presented and a systematic and comprehensive framework to classify urban form characters is proposed, where ‘urban form character’ stands for a characteristic (or feature) of one kind of urban form that distinguishes it from another kind.
Exploring the Structural Fractality of Urban Road Networks by Different Representations
Organisms and other living things grow as fractals, helping to maximize space-filling ability and transmit flow efficiently. In recent years, many studies on fractals have been carried out, mostly at
Understanding Chinese Urban Form: The Universal Fractal Pattern of Street Networks over 298 Cities
TLDR
The results show that almost all cities bear a fractal structure in terms of street connectivities, and the multiple regression analysis suggests that the fractality of street networks is positively correlated with urban socioeconomic status and negatively correlated with energy consumption.
Urban Landscape from the Structure of Road Network: A Complexity Perspective
TLDR
This work employs an entropy measure from complexity science and information theory to quantify the amount of information residing in each presentation of the network subject to the spatial scale and shows that it peaks at some intermediate scale.
Generating urban morphologies at large scales
TLDR
This paper proposes to generate urban configurations at large scales, typically of districts, with morphogenesis models, and compares these to real configurations according to morphological indicators, and calibrate each model and show their complementarity to approach the variety of real urban configurations.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 160 REFERENCES
Quantitative analysis of urban form: a multidisciplinary review
This paper characterizes and reviews multidisciplinary approaches to urban form. It begins by classifying quantitative approaches to analyzing urban form into five classes: landscape ecology,
Assessing cities: a new system of cross-scale spatial indicators
Urban stakeholders require quantitative and robust tools to implement new paths to urban sustainability. Urban form, the spatial distribution of activities and urban organization are crucial aspects
Planning, Design and the Complexity of Cities
TLDR
It is suggested that recognising the positive benefits of a complex system of planning, capable of generating functional urban complexity, could help avoid mistakes of the past so that ‘planning’ is itself not part of the problem, butpart of the solution.
The Network Analysis of Urban Streets: A Primal Approach
Measuring urban form
For many, the notion of ‘measuring urban form’ will sound disturbing. Urban form is about visual images of cities, experiences, feelings, memories of place, thoughts and intellectual constructs
Quantifying Urban Form: Compactness versus 'Sprawl'
This paper develops a set of quantitative variables to characterise urban forms at the metropolitan level and, in particular, to distinguish compactness from 'sprawl'. It first reviews and analyses
A configurational approach to analytical urban design: ‘Space syntax’ methodology
Urban design has always been a challenging task and will remain one because of its inherent complexities and the diversity of the issues that are associated with it. A competent, experienced urban
Urban design: requiem for an era – review and critique of the last 50 years
From the time cities first evolved, they have been subject to human intervention at every level of activity – in other words they have been designed. The following paper argues that since this
Urban Transfer Entropy across Scales
TLDR
The morphology of urban agglomeration is studied here in the context of information exchange between different spatio-temporal scales using a stochastic urban fractal model, which mimics urban growing settlements and migration waves.
...
...