Measuring the Self-Stigma Associated With Seeking Psychological Help

  title={Measuring the Self-Stigma Associated With Seeking Psychological Help},
  author={David L Vogel and Nathaniel Wade and Shawn Haake},
  journal={Journal of Counseling Psychology},
Self-stigma is an important factor in people's decisions not to engage in therapy. To measure this construct, the authors developed the 10-item Self-Stigma of Seeking Help (SSOSH) scale. In Study 1 (n = 583), the SSOSH had a unidimensional factor structure and good reliability (.91) among participants. Study 2 (n = 470) confirmed the factor structure. Studies 2, 3 (n = 546), and 4 (n = 217) cross-validated the reliability (.86 to .90; test-retest, .72) and showed evidence of validity (construct… 

Tables from this paper

Measuring Perceptions of Stigmatization by Others for Seeking Psychological Help: Reliability and Validity of a New Stigma Scale With College Students

Fear of being stigmatized is the most cited reason why individuals avoid psychotherapy. Conceptually, this fear should be strongest when individuals consider the reactions of those they interact

Assessing Self-Stigma of Help-Seeking in Student Veterans: A Psychometric Validation Study

ABSTRACT Transition from regimented military life to a less structured college life can pose considerable challenges for student veterans. However, student veterans may be reluctant to seek

Dimensionality of the Turkish Version of the Self-Stigma of Seeking Help Scale: Results from Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses

Self-stigma has a substantial negative impact on help-seeking behaviors across various cultures and countries. A reliable and valid self-stigma of help-seeking measurement is needed to reduce

Dimensionality of the Turkish Version of the Self-Stigma of Seeking Help Scale: Results from Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analyses

Self-stigma has a substantial negative impact on help-seeking behaviors across various cultures and countries. A reliable and valid self-stigma of help-seeking measurement is needed to reduce

Self-Stigma, Public-Stigma and Attitudes towards Professional Psychological Help: Psychometric Properties of the Greek Version of Three Relevant Questionnaires

People are often reluctant to seek psychological help, mainly because they perceive help-seeking as a potential threat to their self-esteem. There is a need for cross-culturally valid instruments to

Cross-cultural validity of the Self-Stigma of Seeking Help (SSOSH) scale: examination across six nations.

This study examined scale validity and reliability of the widely used SSOSH across samples from 6 different countries and suggested that the SSOSH has a similar univariate structure across countries and is sufficiently invariant across countries to be used to explore cultural differences in the way that self-stigma relates to help-seeking behavior.

Cross-Cultural Measurement Invariance of Scales Assessing Stigma and Attitude to Seeking Professional Psychological Help

In the future, intercultural cooperation should be promoted in order to develop a cross-culturally valid concept of stigma against psychological help that could be used as the basis for intercultural comparison and developing interventions to reduce stigma.

Development of the Help-Seeker Stereotype Scale

People’s mental image of a person who performs a behavior predicts their willingness to engage in that behavior. In particular, a negative mental image of an individual who seeks mental health

Disentangling self-stigma: are mental illness and help-seeking self-stigmas different?

Results of regression analyses in both samples suggest that the 2 self-stigmas uniquely predict variations in stigma-related constructs and attitudes and intentions to seek help.

Self-stigma, personality traits, and willingness to seek treatment in a community sample.

Results suggest that there is some incongruence with previous research on personality's relationship to stigma, personality does not act as an additive component in the prediction of the relationship between stigma and treatment seeking, and stigma is related only to the perceived need for mental health treatment but not to an individual's openness to seek that treatment.



Stigma as a barrier to recovery: The consequences of stigma for the self-esteem of people with mental illnesses.

Self-esteem and two aspects of stigma, namely, perceptions of devaluation-discrimination and social withdrawal because of perceived rejection, were assessed among 70 members of a clubhouse program for people with mental illness at baseline and at follow-up six and 24 months later.

Self-Concealment: Conceptualization, Measurement, and Health Implications

This article introduces the construct of self-concealment, the active concealment from others of personal information that one perceives as negative or distressing. A Self-Concealment Scale (SCS) was

To seek help or not to seek help: The risks of self-disclosure.

Investigations into the reasons why people seek counseling have, for the most part, focused on approach factors, those variables that are associated with a potential client's increased likelihood of

The role of outcome expectations and attitudes on decisions to seek professional help

Two studies examined the predictors of seeking psychological services. Study 1 examined the role of attitudes in mediating the relationship between 11 psychological factors and intent to seek help

Self-concealment and attitudes toward counseling in university students.

In study 1 (N = 257 undergraduates) the relations among self-concealment, attitudes toward seeking psychological help, and intentions to seek counseling were explored. Results revealed that even

The Social Physique Anxiety Scale: an example of the potential consequence of negatively worded items in factorial validity studies.

It was concluded that a single substantive factor and a non-substantive method effect primarily related to the negatively worded items best represented the 12-item SPAS.

Measuring the tendency to conceal versus disclose psychological distress.

Abstract Individual differences in one's tendency to conceal versus disclose psychological distress were hypothesized to reflect a unidimensional construct related to changes in psychological


Analysis of data from two nationwide epidemiologic studies suggested that 50% to 60% of people who would benefit from treatment do not seek it, but subsequent analyses have shown that respondents with psychiatric diagnoses were more likely to avoid treatment.

Stigma as a barrier to recovery: Perceived stigma and patient-rated severity of illness as predictors of antidepressant drug adherence.

Medication adherence was associated with lower perceived stigma, higher self-rated severity of illness, age over 60 years, and absence of personality pathology, and no other characteristics of treatment or illness were significantly related to medication adherence.

The impact of gender role conflict and counseling technique on psychological help seeking in men

We hypothesized that men's gender role conflict would predict attitudes towards psychological help-seeking after viewing counseling that focused on either client feelings or client cognitions. The