Measuring the Prevalence of Questionable Research Practices With Incentives for Truth Telling

@article{John2012MeasuringTP,
  title={Measuring the Prevalence of Questionable Research Practices With Incentives for Truth Telling},
  author={Leslie K. John and George Loewenstein and Drazen Prelec},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={2012},
  volume={23},
  pages={524 - 532}
}
Cases of clear scientific misconduct have received significant media attention recently, but less flagrantly questionable research practices may be more prevalent and, ultimately, more damaging to the academic enterprise. Using an anonymous elicitation format supplemented by incentives for honest reporting, we surveyed over 2,000 psychologists about their involvement in questionable research practices. The impact of truth-telling incentives on self-admissions of questionable research practices… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Unethical Practices by Accounting Researchers: Incidence, Intentions, and Insights

  • C. Bailey
  • Business, Psychology
    SSRN Electronic Journal
  • 2019
This study asks accounting authors how much of their work is tainted by fraudulent research practices, how much of their peers’ work they believe is tainted, their intentions for the future, their

What Crisis? Management Researchers’ Experiences with and Views of Scholarly Misconduct

TLDR
It is found that misconduct (research that was either fabricated or falsified) is not encountered often by reviewers nor editors, and there is a strong prevalence of misrepresentations (method inadequacy, omission or withholding of contradictory results, dropping of unsupported hypotheses).

Early-Career Researchers’ Perceptions of the Prevalence of Questionable Research Practices, Potential Causes, and Open Science

Young researchers of today will shape the field in the future. In light of current debates about social psychology’s research culture, this exploratory survey assessed early-career researchers’

Ethical Consistency and Experience: An Attempt to Influence Researcher Attitudes Toward Questionable Research Practices Through Reading Prompts

TLDR
While the interventions did not significantly modify researchers’ reactions to QRPs, they showed differential efficacy depending on scientists’ experience, suggesting complexities in researcher psychology and the ethics of QRPs that merit further study.

What Crisis? Taking Stock of Management Researchers Experiences with and Views of Scholarly Misconduct

This research presents the results of a survey regarding scientific misconduct elicited from a sample of 1,215 management researchers. We find that misconduct (research that was either fabricated or

What do participants think of our research practices? An examination of behavioural psychology participants' preferences

What research practices should be considered acceptable? Historically, scientists have set the standards for what constitutes acceptable research practices. However, there is value in considering

How open science norms improve scientific practices

: Empirical findings indicate that various scientific fields are in serious replication crisis. One source of low reproducibility can be attributed to the so-called Questionable Research Practices.

Things you Wanted to Know about Bias in Evaluations but Never Dared to Think

The thrust for evidence‐based policymaking has paid little attention to problems of bias. Statistical evidence is more fragile than generally understood, and false positives are all too likely given

Questionable and open research practices: attitudes and perceptions among quantitative communication researchers

Recent contributions have questioned the credibility of quantitative communication research. While questionable research practices are believed to be widespread, evidence for this claim is primarily
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 49 REFERENCES

A survey of newly appointed consultants' attitudes towards research fraud

  • D. Geggie
  • Medicine
    Journal of medical ethics
  • 2001
TLDR
There is a higher prevalence of observed and possible future misconduct among newly appointed consultants in the UK than in the comparable study of biomedical trainees in California, which suggests that there is a real and potential problem of research misconduct in the US.

Sensitive questions in surveys.

TLDR
The article reviews the research done by survey methodologists on reporting errors in surveys on sensitive topics, noting parallels and differences from the psychological literature on social desirability.

How Prevalent Is Fraud? That's a Million-Dollar Question

TLDR
The 8-year-old Office of Research Integrity hopes to support studies gauging the frequency of misconduct and assessing efforts to raise ethical standards.

Misconduct in the Analysis and Reporting of Data: Bridging Methodological and Ethical Agendas for Change

TLDR
Methodologically and ethically trained specialists instead need to coordinate efforts to safeguard analysis and reporting procedures, and researchers also need to increase self-monitoring.

An Investigation of Interview Method, Threat and Response Distortion

Abstract This validation study examined the joint effects of question threat and method of administration on response distortion using four interviewing techniques. The level of threat was varied by

The Economics of Scientific Misconduct

Scientific fraud is a pervasive phenomenon with deleterious consequences, as it leads to false scientific knowledge being published, therefore a¤ecting major individual and public decisions. In this

Academic Economists Behaving Badly? A Survey on Three Areas of Unethical Behavior

This article measures the degree to which academic economists have engaged in unethical behavior and the degree to which academic economists believe the profession as a whole engages in unethical

Exploring Scientific Misconduct: Isolated Individuals, Impure Institutions, or an Inevitable Idiom of Modern Science?

This paper identifies three distinct narratives concerning scientific misconduct: a narrative of “individual impurity” promoted by those wishing to see science self-regulated; a narrative of

Why Most Published Research Findings Are False

TLDR
Simulations show that for most study designs and settings, it is more likely for a research claim to be false than true.

Scientists behaving badly

To protect the integrity of science, we must look beyond falsification, fabrication and plagiarism, to a wider range of questionable research practices, argue Brian C. Martinson, Melissa S. Anderson