Measuring the Nature of Individual Sequences

  title={Measuring the Nature of Individual Sequences},
  author={Gilbert Ritschard},
  journal={Sociological Methods \& Research},
This study reviews and compares indicators that can serve to characterize numerically the nature of state sequences. It also introduces several new indicators. Alongside basic measures such as the length, the number of visited distinct states, and the number of state changes, we shall consider composite measures such as turbulence and the complexity index, and measures that take account of the nature (e.g., positive vs. negative or ranking) of the states. The discussion points out the strange… Expand
1 Citations
The Mid-Life Dip in Well-Being: a Critique
The effects of the mid-life dip found are comparable to major life events such as losing a spouse or becoming unemployed and is comparable to half of the unprecedented fall in well-being observed in the UK in 2020 and 2021, which is hardly “inconsequential” as claimed. Expand


Measuring Sequence Quality
We propose a new measure to quantify the quality of binary sequences that can be meaningfully interpreted as series of successes and failures. We operationalize the concept of positive and negativeExpand
Measuring Life Course Complexity with Dynamic Sequence Analysis
It is concluded that simple indicators, used alone or in combination, provide a more easily interpretable description of changes and differentials in life course complexity than commonly used composite indices. Expand
Complexity of Categorical Time Series
Categorical time series, covering comparable time spans, are often quite different in a number of aspects: the number of distinct states, the number of transitions, and the distribution of durationsExpand
Analyzing and Visualizing State Sequences in R with TraMineR
This article describes the many capabilities offered by the TraMineR toolbox for categorical sequence data. It focuses more specifically on the analysis and rendering of state sequences. AddressedExpand
Car dependent practices: Findings from a sequence pattern mining study of UK time use data
This paper identifies three main understandings of the notion of ‘car dependence’ in transport research: a micro-social understanding (dependence as an attribute of individuals), a macro approachExpand
Measurement of Diversity
THE ‘characteristic’ defined by Yule1 and the ‘index of diversity’ defined by Fisher2 are two measures of the degree of concentration or diversity achieved when the individuals of a population areExpand
The mystery of the U-shaped relationship between happiness and age
In this paper, we address the puzzle of the relationship between age and happiness. Whilst the majority of psychologists have concluded there is not much of a relationship at all, the economicExpand
Lost in transition: labour market entry sequences of school leavers in Europe
In the paper I examine sequences of school-to-work transitions in ten European countries by using explorative methods of optimal matching and cluster analysis. The process of labour market entry isExpand
An Index of Precarity for Measuring Early Employment Insecurity
A vast body of research examined changing employment relations and the ensued employment precarity. However there is a lack of quantitative tools able to assess the extent and impact of precarityExpand
The De-Standardization of the Life Course: Are Men and Women Equal?
Various studies suggest that rather than being a general trend that concern all individuals and all life domains uniformly, the de-standardization of the life course has taken distinct shapes and hasExpand