Measuring symptom exaggeration in veterans with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder

  title={Measuring symptom exaggeration in veterans with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder},
  author={Thomas W. Freeman and Melissa A. Powell and Tim A. Kimbrell},
  journal={Psychiatry Research},

Posttraumatic stress disorder and noncredible symptom reporting on the Trauma Symptom Inventory-2

It is concluded that PTSD in a forensic context is associated with a high rate of exaggerated neurocognitive dysfunction as well as symptom over reporting.

Does Validity Measure Response Affect CPT Group Outcomes in Veterans with PTSD?

It is suggested that Veterans with PTSD whose validity testing scores are indicative of poor effort and symptom exaggeration may be less resilient but may still complete a CPT group treatment and benefit from treatment at a rate comparable to Veterans who evidence good assessment effort and genuine symptom reporting pre-treatment.

Investigating Differences in Truthful and Fabricated Symptoms of Traumatic Stress over Time

False allegations of victimization typically are accompanied by malingered emotional symptomology to corroborate claims. This analog study was designed to compare truthful and fabricated symptom

Effect of Symptom Over-Reporting on Heart Rate Variability in Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

  • R. BradyJ. Constans J. Pyne
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2015
Findings did not support the hypothesis that over-reporting would attenuate the relation between PTSD and HRV, andHRV was a significant predictor of PTSD symptom severity, and this relation did not differ across levels of over- reporting.

Memory functioning in post-traumatic stress disorder: objective findings versus subjective complaints

Although memory complaints are common in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the only published study of objective and subjective memory in PTSD by Roca and Freeman indicates that subjective

An Exploratory Study of Attachments and Posttraumatic Stress in Combat Veterans

The purpose of this exploratory study was to evaluate the potential value of comparing specific attachments to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology in combat veterans with a new

Assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder-related functional impairment: a review.

It is suggested that information obtained via patient self-report and/or clinician rating be supplemented whenever possible with collateral data from friends, family members, coworkers, or supervisors to provide a complete picture of current and premorbid functional status.

Psychotic-like Experiences, Symptom Expression, and Cognitive Performance in Combat Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Severity of psychotic symptoms correlated with dissociation, combat exposure, and attention but not PTSD, depression, or functional health; endorsement of psychotic experiences by combat veterans with PTSD do not seem to reflect psychotic symptoms or outright malingering.

Trauma and Stressor-Related Disorders

There are two other trauma and stress-related disorders for adults that are included in the Trauma and Stress-Related Disorders category of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and this section will review the core definitions, criteria, and prevalence of each.



Symptom overreporting in combat veterans evaluated for PTSD: differentiation on the basis of compensation seeking status.

It is suggested that the availability of VA disability compensation for combat-related PTSD impedes accurate initial assessment of veterans presenting for treatment and may impair estimation of long-term therapeutic outcome in this population.

Symptom Exaggeration and Compensation Seeking Among Combat Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Results indicated that symptom exaggeration as defined by an MMPI-2 F-K index over 13 was related to higher scores on all scales examined and compensation seeking was not related to assessment scores or exaggeration.

Treatment of Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Combat Veterans With Citalopram: An Open Trial

These pilot results demonstrate a moderate effect of citalopram in the treatment of combat-induced PTSD, however, the sample size was small and patient population is limited to veterans with combat- induced PTSD.

Association of intelligence with severity of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in Vietnam Combat veterans.

Cognitive variables may affect the ability to cope with trauma, thereby affecting whether a person develops chronic PTSD, and estimated full-scale IQ significantly predicted variance in PTSD symptoms beyond that predicted by extent of combat exposure.

Compensation-seeking and extreme exaggeration of psychopathology among combat veterans evaluated for posttraumatic stress disorder.

It is suggested that the validity indices of the MMPI-2 can play a critical role, as a screening instrument, in identifying veterans who may be exaggerating their psychopathology to gain disability compensation.

Outcome of intensive inpatient treatment for combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder.

The study raises the possibility that long-term intensive inpatient treatment for combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder among Vietnam veterans is not effective, and other forms of treatment should be considered after rigorous study of such variables as length of stay, trauma versus rehabilitation focus, and patient characteristics.

Clinician‐administered PTSD scale: A review of the first ten years of research

The research evidence indicates that the CAPS has excellent reliability, yielding consistent scores across items, raters, and testing occasions, and there is also strong evidence of validity: the CAPs has excellent convergent and discriminant validity, diagnostic utility, and sensitivity to clinical change.

Posttraumatic stress disorder and comorbidity: recognizing the many faces of PTSD.

  • K. Brady
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Journal of clinical psychiatry
  • 1997
Screening for traumatic events and PTSD should be standard in both psychiatric and primary care practice, and individuals with PTSD ought to be screened for psychiatric comorbidity.

Neuroimaging findings in post-traumatic stress disorder

  • A. Hull
  • Psychology, Medicine
    British Journal of Psychiatry
  • 2002
Evidence from neuroimaging studies has suggested areas of the brain that may be damaged by psychological trauma, and the clinical implications need to be investigated further because they challenge traditional therapeutic approaches.