Measuring search engine bias

@article{Mowshowitz2005MeasuringSE,
  title={Measuring search engine bias},
  author={Abbe Mowshowitz and Akira Kawaguchi},
  journal={Inf. Process. Manag.},
  year={2005},
  volume={41},
  pages={1193-1205}
}
This paper examines a real-time measure of bias in Web search engines. The measure captures the degree to which the distribution of URLs, retrieved in response to a query, deviates from an ideal or fair distribution for that query. This ideal is approximated by the distribution produced by a collection of search engines. Differences between bias and classical retrieval measures are highlighted by examining the possibilities for bias in four extreme cases of recall and precision. The results of… Expand
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