Measuring empathy in healthcare profession students using the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: Health provider – student version

  title={Measuring empathy in healthcare profession students using the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: Health provider – student version},
  author={Sylvia Kleiman Fields and Pamela Lynn Mahan and Paula Tillman and Jeffrey Harris and Kaye Maxwell and Mohammadreza Hojat},
  journal={Journal of Interprofessional Care},
  pages={287 - 293}
While empathy is commonly accepted as a mutually beneficial aspect of the health provider-patient relationship, evidence exists that many health profession students are unable to demonstrate this important skill. [] Key Method The 20-item survey and a demographic questionnaire were completed by 265 BSN students. Correlational analyses, t-test, and analysis of variance were used to examine internal relationships and group differences. Results showed the median item-total score correlation was statistically…

Psychometric testing of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy Health Profession Students' version with Australian paramedic students.

Results from the confirmatory factor analysis suggest that the 17-item Jefferson Scale Empathy-Health Profession Students' version is a valid and reliable measure for undergraduate paramedic students' empathy levels.

Validation of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy in Spanish medical students who participated in an Early Clerkship Immersion programme

The results support the validity and reliability of JSE-HP applied to Spanish medical students, and personality traits were associated with empathy, clinical interview skills and Objective Structured Clinical Examinations.

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The findings show satisfactory construct and criterion validity and reliability of the Korean version of the JSE-HPS for measuring empathy in undergraduate nursing students.

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There is some discrepancy in results relating to empathy and its incline/decline as students progress through a program, and further study is warranted to explore why there are variations in empathy levels in students of different health disciplines.

Surveying the factor structure and reliability of the Persian version of the Jefferson scale of physician empathy-health care provider student version (JSE-HPS)

The current study confirmed the three-factor structure of the Persian version of JSE-HPS, which included perspective taking, compassionate care and standing in patient’s shoes, is appropriate to measure empathy for patient in the health service provider students.

The Jefferson Scale of Empathy

The general findings on the JSE’s measurement properties suggest that the instrument can serve as a sound measure of empathy among medical students, students in the other health professions, and practitioners in the health professions including physicians (HP-Version).

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The cultural adaptation and psychometric results suggest that the Spanish version of the JSE-HPS is a valid and reliable way to evaluate the empathic ability of occupational therapy students.

Validation of an Empathy Scale in Pharmacy and Nursing Students

Reliability analysis of data showed that scores on the empathy scale were positively associated with JSE-HPS scores, and factor analysis confirmed that 14 of the 15 items were significantly associated with their respective domain, but the overall instrument had limited goodness of fit.

RESEARCH ARTICLES Measuring Empathy in Pharmacy Students

Findings support the construct validity and reliability of the JSE-HPS for measuring empathy in pharmacy students and are consistent with previous findings with medical students and physicians.



Comparisons of Nurses and Physicians on an Operational Measure of Empathy

Comparing nurses and physicians on their responses to the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy suggests that the JSPE is a reliable research tool that can be used to assess empathy among health professionals including nurses.

Physician empathy: definition, components, measurement, and relationship to gender and specialty.

Three meaningful factors emerged (perspective taking, compassionate care, and standing in the patient's shoes) to provide support for the construct validity of the empathy scale that was found to be internally consistent with relatively stable scores over time.

Reliability and Validity of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy in Undergraduate Nursing Students

It was concluded that the empathy scale used in this study is a psychometrically sound instrument for measuring empathy in undergraduate nursing students.

Levels of empathy in undergraduate health science students

The extent of empathy is found to be more similar than different across the six allied health undergraduate students groups, suggesting a strong presence of empathy amongst allied health science students.

Measurement of changes in empathy during dental school.

The JSPE was found to be both a reliable and valid empathy measure for dental students with similar psychometric properties to those found in medical students, residents, and physicians.

The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy: Development and Preliminary Psychometric Data

Psychometric findings provided support for the construct validity, criterion-related validity (convergent and discriminant), and internal consistency reliability (coefficient alpha) of the scale scores.

Empathy and Nursing Care Outcomes

Clients cared for by nurses in the experimental group showed significantly less anxiety and hostility than clients cared for prior to the experimental treatment; mean differences on depression and satisfaction with care were in the hypothesized direction.

Relationships between nurse-expressed empathy, patient-perceived empathy and patient distress.

  • J. Olson
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Image--the journal of nursing scholarship
  • 1995
This study is one of the first to link behavioral measures of nurse empathy to patient outcomes.

A systematic review of tests of empathy in medicine

No empathy measures were found with sufficient evidence of predictive validity for use as selection measures for medical school, but measures with a sufficient evidential base to support their use as tools for investigating the role of empathy in medical training and clinical care are available.

Physicians' Empathy and Clinical Outcomes for Diabetic Patients

The hypothesis of a positive relationship between physicians' empathy and patients' clinical outcomes was confirmed, suggesting that Physicians' empathy is an important factor associated with clinical competence and patient outcomes.