Measuring Transgender Individuals’ Comfort With Gender Identity and Appearance

@article{Kozee2012MeasuringTI,
  title={Measuring Transgender Individuals’ Comfort With Gender Identity and Appearance},
  author={Holly B. Kozee and Tracy L. Tylka and L. A. Bauerband},
  journal={Psychology of Women Quarterly},
  year={2012},
  volume={36},
  pages={179 - 196}
}
Our study used the construct of congruence to conceptualize the degree to which transgender individuals feel genuine, authentic, and comfortable with their gender identity and external appearance. In Study 1, the Transgender Congruence scale (TCS) was developed, and data from 162 transgender individuals were used to estimate the reliability and validity of its scores. Two factors emerged: Appearance Congruence and Gender Identity Acceptance. TCS total and subscale scores were internally… 

Tables from this paper

A Proposed Multi Factor Measure of Positive Identity for Transgender Identified Individuals
This article describes the development of a measure proposing a multifactor structure of positive identity for self-identified transgender individuals. Data from 138 transgender-identified
Measuring Satisfaction and Comfort with Gender Identity and Gender Expression among Transgender Women: Development and Validation of the Psychological Gender Affirmation Scale
TLDR
The PGA scale will aid research on psychological gender affirmation that can in turn inform interventions as well as gender-affirming clinical and social practices to promote the health and well-being of transgender and gender diverse people.
Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Gender Identity Scale for Transgender Women in China
Transgender women are an important subgroup of the transgender umbrella and have their own unique gender identity. This article aimed to understand and measure the latent concept of gender identity
Being Transgender
In this interview-based study, we investigated the common social experiences and minority stressors related to being transgender. It is one of two articles that resulted from a grounded theory
Character strengths in transgender and gender diverse people
ABSTRACT The psychometric properties of the Values in Action (VIA) Classification of Strengths were evaluated in relation to its use with transgender (trans) and gender diverse (TGD) people. 150
Internalized transphobia, nondisclosure of gender identity, and life satisfaction among transgender and non-binary adults: The moderating roles of psychological flexibility and inflexibility
Abstract Gender minority individuals report higher rates of psychological difficulties and lower levels of life satisfaction compared to the general population. Minority-related stressors are
Body image in transgender young people: Findings from a qualitative, community based study.
TLDR
Examining the ways in which transgender youth experience their bodies with regard to gender and body size revealed evidence of self-criticism and social distress related to body image dissatisfaction and self-acceptance and social acceptance related toBody image satisfaction.
Transgender community belongingness as a mediator between strength of transgender identity and well-being.
TLDR
Results suggest that transgender community belongness is an important construct in the mental health of transgender people and the strength of a person's transgender identity also appears to be a significant construct in transgender people's well-being via its relationship with transgender community belongingness.
Relationships between transgender congruence, gender identity rumination, and self-esteem in transgender and gender-nonconforming individuals.
The present study investigated the association between transgender congruence and self-esteem in transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) individuals and whether rumination about gender identity
Psychometric properties and concurrent validity of the Transgender Congruence Scale (TCS) in the Swedish setting
TLDR
The Transgender Congruence Scale (TCS) was significantly correlated to UGDS and GIDYQ-AA and may be a valuable tool in the clinical assessment of individuals with GD.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 71 REFERENCES
Transgender Experience and Identity
In this chapter, we review and critique how conventional models of gender and sexual identity development have represented the experiences of transgender individuals, and we argue for an expanded
Conformity Pressures and Gender Resistance Among Transgendered Individuals
Research on transgendered individuals has tended to come from medical, psychiatric, or deviance perspectives, with little attention to the social context in which these individuals exist or their
The positive aspects of a transgender self-identification
Research to date has primarily focused on health risks, psychopathologies and negative life experiences with little attention to the positive aspects of identifying as transgender. An online survey
Development and Validation of a Gender Expression Measure Among Sexual Minority Women
Gender expression varies considerably among lesbian and bisexual women and may be related to various stressors and health outcomes. However, no current measure adequately assesses gender expression
Exploring gender identity and community among three groups of transgender individuals in the United States: MTFs, FTMs, and genderqueers
Abstract A United States sample of 166 transgender adults including 50 male-to-females (MTFs), 52 female-to-males (FTMs), and 64 genderqueers (neither completely female nor completely male), were
The Meaning in Life Questionnaire: Assessing the Presence of and Search for Meaning in Life
Counseling psychologists often work with clients to increase their well-being as well as to decrease their distress. One important aspect of well-being, highlighted particularly in humanistic
Minority stress and health: Implications for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) young people
Historically, the pathologization of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) orientations shaped research and professional practice, while the impact of stigma was not
Instrumental and Expressive Traits, Trait Stereotypes, and Sexist Attitudes: What Do They Signify?
College students rated the typical male and female student and themselves on 22 instrumental (I) and 16 expressive (E) items from the PAQ (Spence & Helmreich, 1978) and the BSRI (Bem, 1974), as well
Questioning Gender and Sexual Identity: Dynamic Links Over Time
Dichotomous models of gender have been criticized for failing to represent the experiences of individuals who claim neither an unambiguously female nor male identity. In this paper we argue that the
Conflicted Gender Identity, Body Dissatisfaction, and Disordered Eating in Adult Men and Women
The relation between gender identity and body dissatisfaction as well as disordered eating was examined in a population-based sample of Finnish adults aged 18 to 44 years (N = 1,142). Participants
...
1
2
3
4
5
...