Measuring Retrograde Autobiographical Amnesia Following Electroconvulsive Therapy: Historical Perspective and Current Issues

@article{Semkovska2013MeasuringRA,
  title={Measuring Retrograde Autobiographical Amnesia Following Electroconvulsive Therapy: Historical Perspective and Current Issues},
  author={M. Semkovska and D. McLoughlin},
  journal={The Journal of ECT},
  year={2013},
  volume={29},
  pages={127–133}
}
Abstract Retrograde amnesia following electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a major concern for both patients and clinicians. In contemporary ECT research, retrograde autobiographical amnesia (RAA) is commonly measured with instruments assessing autobiographical memory (AM) consistency over time. However, normal AM recall loses in consistency with the passage of time, and time has a differential effect on stability of personal memories. In addition, experiencing depression is associated with a… Expand
Autobiographical Memory and Electroconvulsive Therapy: Final Thoughts on the Bathwater.
  • H. Sackeim
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The journal of ECT
  • 2014
TLDR
Semkovska and McLoughlin invoke pseudoscientific rigor and insist that these instruments are insufficiently validated as measures of retrograde amnesia for autobiographical information; and consequently, their results cannot be accepted. Expand
Autobiographical memory and electroconvulsive therapy: do not throw out the baby.
  • H. Sackeim
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The journal of ECT
  • 2014
TLDR
It is shown that Semkovska and McLoughlin's critique is factually incorrect, and it is inaccurate and inadvisable to continue to deny that ECT can exert long-term adverse effects in this domain. Expand
Unravelling Autobiographical Retrograde Amnesia Following Bitemporal Electroconvulsive Therapy: Effect of Treatment versus Effect of Time
Objective: To reliably quantify the autobiographical retrograde amnesia directly attributable to the effect of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) independent from normal and depression-associatedExpand
Autobiographical Memory Specificity in Major Depression Treated With Electroconvulsive Therapy
TLDR
Reduced specificity of episodic autobiographical memory in depressed patients before ECT was found, which persisted at long-term follow-up despite significant improvement in mood, and lack of sensitivity of the recent life section of the AMI to detect ECT-induced changes was found. Expand
Retrograde autobiographical amnesia after electroconvulsive therapy: on the difficulty of finding the baby and clearing murky bathwater.
TLDR
Dr Sackeim has provided a nice account of pioneering work on the effects of electrode placement, dosage, and pulse width on ECT outcomes and the CUAMI and its short form (CUAMI-SF) along with various studies in the ensuing 2 decades in which he has applied these instruments to assess retrograde amnesia. Expand
Development of an autobiographical memory test for older electroconvulsive therapy candidates
TLDR
The proposed test may be particularly sensitive to autobiographical memory loss in older people undergoing ECT because it uses recent personal memories, which are relatively commonly experienced in the older depressed population. Expand
Cognitive side-effects of electroconvulsive therapy: what are they, how to monitor them and what to tell patients
TLDR
Clinicians are provided with clinically useful guidelines to aid clinicians in informing patients regarding the cognitive side-effects of ECT and in monitoring these during a course of EECT, using complex data. Expand
Long-term subjective memory after electroconvulsive therapy
TLDR
Although subjective memory improved more often than it worsened when assessed before and after ECT, a majority of patients reported that ECT had negative effects on their memory when retrospectively asked how ECTHad affected it. Expand
Predicting Retrograde Autobiographical Memory Changes Following Electroconvulsive Therapy: Relationships between Individual, Treatment, and Early Clinical Factors
TLDR
The utility of measuring time to reorientation early during the electroconvulsive therapy treatment course as a predictor of greater retrograde amnesia and the importance of assessing baseline cognitive status for identifying patients at greater risk for developing later side effects are confirmed. Expand
Does electroconvulsive therapy cause brain damage: An update
TLDR
The review of literature and present evidence suggests that ECT has a demonstrable impact on the structure and function of the brain, however, there is a lack of evidence at present to suggest that E CT causes brain damage. Expand
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