Measuring Democracy through Election Outcomes

@article{Bogaards2007MeasuringDT,
  title={Measuring Democracy through Election Outcomes},
  author={Matthijs Bogaards},
  journal={Comparative Political Studies},
  year={2007},
  volume={40},
  pages={1211 - 1237}
}
Cross-national measures of democracy are widely used to track the development and spread of democracy around the world and to study the causes and correlates of democratization. Most of the best-known democracy indexes have a component on election outcomes. In many measures, election outcomes make a significant contribution to a country's overall rating, and in some, the outcomes are even decisive. However, in the first empirical test of this relationship, using data from 165 African multiparty… Expand
Elections Without Democratization: How African Electoral Authoritarianism Survived
  • W. Stuppert
  • Political Science
  • Political Mobilizations and Democratization in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • 2019
This chapter takes a look at the widespread phenomenon of “elections without democratization” in Sub-Saharan Africa. It presents data on all direct national multi-party elections on the subcontinentExpand
Electoral governance: understanding the democratic quality of elections in Nigeria
This thesis explores the potential impacts of electoral governance on the democratic quality of elections in Nigeria. It concentrates on the debates over the role electoral administration in securingExpand
Electoral Politics in Africa since 1990: Continuity in Change
Electoral politics in Africa continue to be a topic of debate, particularly since the 1990s which brought about multiparty elections and transformed political systems. One area of such debatesExpand
Where to draw the line? From degree to dichotomy in measures of democracy
While there is much debate about the merits of dichotomous versus continuous measures of democracy, surprisingly little attention is paid to the question as to how to go from degree to dichotomy.Expand
A rentier theory of subnational democracy: The politically regressive effects of fiscal federalism in Argentina
by Carlos Gervasoni Subnational regimes vary significantly within countries around the world. Even in well-established national democracies —like the USA in the 1950s or Argentina in the 1990s— localExpand
Democratization is the Driving Force for Technological and Economic Change
innovation. In primis, the paper shows, through economic history, that democratization is an antecedent process (cause) to technological and economic change (effect). In particular, the primaryExpand
Democratization Is the Determinant of Technological Change
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship between democracy and technological innovation. The primary findings are that most free countries, measured with liberal, participatory, andExpand
Why Democracy and Good Governance in Africa after Independence : Critical analyses !
The gaining of independence by many African countries meant the transition from years of repression and slavery to a democratic era in Africa. Unfortunately, the concept of democracy is perceived byExpand
Measuring Democracy Through Expert Judgments: Lessons from Argentina's Survey of Experts on Provincial Politics
This paper analyzes several key advantages and disadvantages of measuring regimes through the judgment of experts. Using results from the Survey of Experts on Provincial Politics carried out by theExpand
Competition and Participation, but No Democracy: The Politics of Elections in Africa ́s Feckless Regimes
Competition and Participation, but No Democracy. The Politics of Elections in Africa s Feckless Regimes The majority of African regimes combine autocratic practices with formal democraticExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 30 REFERENCES
Democracy and development in cross‐national perspective: A new look at the statistics
There is a large volume of published research on the connections between democracy and average wealth or income levels on a cross‐national basis. That work is reviewed here, and supplemented withExpand
The Comparative Study of Electoral Governance—Introduction
Electoral governance is a crucial variable in securing the credibility of elections in emerging democracies, but remains largely ignored in the comparative study of democratization. This articleExpand
Conceptualizing and Measuring Democracy
TLDR
The authors’ conclusion is that constructors of democracy indices tend to be quite self-conscious about methodological issues but that even the best indices suffer from important weaknesses. Expand
Party Systems and Democratic Consolidation in Africa’s Electoral Regimes
That political parties are necessary ingredients of democratic governance is accepted as an incontrovertible fact by most political observers. Similarly, party system institutionalization is viewedExpand
Indicators of Democracy and Good Governance as Measures of the Quality of Democracy in Africa: A Critical Appraisal
Current measures of levels of democratization, such as those by Freedom House, Jaggers and Gurr, or Vanhanen, for example, are often mistaken to be an indication of the ‘quality’ of democracy in aExpand
Subjective Measures of Liberal Democracy
Using democracy in empirical work requires accurate measurement. Yet, most policy and academic research presupposes the accuracy of available measures. This article explores judge-specificExpand
Tracking Democracy's Third Wave with the Polity III Data
This article reports and analyzes an updated version of the widely-used Polity II dataset, consisting of annual indicators of institutional democracy and autocracy for 161 states spanning the yearsExpand
Resource Wealth and Political Regimes in Africa
Political economists point to the levels of economic development, poverty, and income inequality as the most important determinants of political regimes. The authors present empirical evidenceExpand
Issues in the Comparative Measurement of Political Democracy
The empirical study of the causes and consequences of political democracy has been the subject of considerable research. Yet cumulative development of this research is hampered by the controversialExpand
Democracy and the Violation of Human Rights: A Statistical Analysis from 1976 to 1996
Most studies posit and identify a linear and negative relationship between democracy and the violation of human rights. Some research challenges this finding, however, suggesting that nonlinearExpand
...
1
2
3
...