Measuring Democracy through Election Outcomes

  title={Measuring Democracy through Election Outcomes},
  author={Matthijs Bogaards},
  journal={Comparative Political Studies},
  pages={1211 - 1237}
Cross-national measures of democracy are widely used to track the development and spread of democracy around the world and to study the causes and correlates of democratization. Most of the best-known democracy indexes have a component on election outcomes. In many measures, election outcomes make a significant contribution to a country's overall rating, and in some, the outcomes are even decisive. However, in the first empirical test of this relationship, using data from 165 African multiparty… Expand
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