Measuring Autonomy and Emergence via Granger Causality

  title={Measuring Autonomy and Emergence via Granger Causality},
  author={Anil K. Seth},
  journal={Artificial Life},
Concepts of emergence and autonomy are central to artificial life and related cognitive and behavioral sciences. However, quantitative and easy-to-apply measures of these phenomena are mostly lacking. Here, I describe quantitative and practicable measures for both autonomy and emergence, based on the framework of multivariate autoregression and specifically Granger causality. G-autonomy measures the extent to which the knowing the past of a variable helps predict its future, as compared to… CONTINUE READING
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