Measures of Gun Ownership Levels for Macro-Level Crime and Violence Research

  title={Measures of Gun Ownership Levels for Macro-Level Crime and Violence Research},
  author={Gary Kleck},
  journal={Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency},
  pages={3 - 36}
  • G. Kleck
  • Published 1 February 2004
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
Valid measures of macro-level gun levels are essential to assessing the impact of gun levels on crime and violence rates, yet almost all prior research on this topic uses proxies that are either invalid or whose validity has been assumed rather than demonstrated. The present study uses city, state, cross-national, and time series data to assess the criterion validity of over two dozen gun indicators. The criterion measures used are primarily direct survey measures of household gun prevalence… Expand

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