Measurements of the Cosmic Ray Composition with Air Shower Experiments

@article{Kampert2012MeasurementsOT,
  title={Measurements of the Cosmic Ray Composition with Air Shower Experiments},
  author={K-H. Kampert and Michael Unger},
  journal={Astroparticle Physics},
  year={2012},
  volume={35},
  pages={660-678}
}
Abstract In this paper we review air shower data related to the mass composition of cosmic rays above 1015 eV. After explaining the basic relations between air shower observables and the primary mass and energy of cosmic rays, we present different approaches and results of composition studies with surface detectors. Furthermore, we discuss measurements of the longitudinal development of air showers from non-imaging Cherenkov detectors and fluorescence telescopes. The interpretation of these… Expand
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TLDR
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