Measurements of Turbulence in the Venus Atmosphere Deduced from Pioneer Venus Multiprobe Radio Scintillations

@article{Woo1979MeasurementsOT,
  title={Measurements of Turbulence in the Venus Atmosphere Deduced from Pioneer Venus Multiprobe Radio Scintillations},
  author={Richard Woo and John W. Armstrong and William B. Kendall},
  journal={Science},
  year={1979},
  volume={205},
  pages={87 - 89}
}
The 2.3-gigahertz log-amplitude fluctuations observed in the radio links of the Pioneer Venus entry probes during Venus encounter have been used to study turbulence in the Venus atmosphere. The deduced estimates of the upper bound of structure constant cn of the refractive index fluctuations (cn ≲ 4 x 10–8 cm–⅓) are inconsistent with similar entry probe measurements by Veneras 4 to 8 but are consistent with the radio occultation measurements by flyby (Mariners 5 and 10) and orbiting (Venerat 9… 
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ofNASA Ames Research Center for their planning and execution of the mission
  • R. B. Miller and J. Wackley of the DSN for their valuable support;
  • 1979
Wackley of the DSN for their valuable support
    It is a pleasure to thank the many people whose contributions were essential to the success of this experiment
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