Measurements of Energetic Particle Radiation in Transit to Mars on the Mars Science Laboratory

  title={Measurements of Energetic Particle Radiation in Transit to Mars on the Mars Science Laboratory},
  author={Cary J. Zeitlin and Donald M. Hassler and Francis A. Cucinotta and Bent Ehresmann and Robert F. Wimmer–Schweingruber and D. E. Brinza and S. Kang and Gerald Weigle and Stephan I. B{\"o}ttcher and E. B{\"o}hm and S. Burmeister and J. Guo and Jan K{\"o}hler and C. Mart{\'i}n and Arik Posner and Scot C. R. Rafkin and G{\"u}nther Reitz},
  pages={1080 - 1084}
Going to Mars The Mars Science Laboratory spacecraft containing the Curiosity rover, was launched from Earth in November 2011 and arrived at Gale crater on Mars in August 2012. Zeitlin et al. (p. 1080) report measurements of the energetic particle radiation environment inside the spacecraft during its cruise to Mars, confirming the hazard likely to be posed by this radiation to astronauts on a future potential trip to Mars. Williams et al. (p. 1068, see the Perspective by Jerolmack) report the… 
Charged particle spectra measured during the transit to Mars with the Mars Science Laboratory Radiation Assessment Detector (MSL/RAD).
The first measurements of charged particle fluxes inside a spacecraft during the transit from Earth to Mars are presented.
Measurements of the neutron spectrum in transit to Mars on the Mars Science Laboratory.
This work applies an inversion method (based on a maximum-likelihood estimation) to calculate the neutron and gamma spectra from the RAD neutral particle measurements, and finds that the total neutron-induced dose rate is 6±2 μGy/day and the dose equivalent rate is 30±10 μSv/day.
Radiation Measurements of the Mars Science Lab Radiation Assessment Detector (MSL-RAD) on the Surface of Mars
The Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) was designed to characterize the radiation environment as “Life Limiting Factor” to habitability and to help to prepare for future human exploration of Mars.
Detecting Upward Directed Charged Particle Fluxes in the Mars Science Laboratory Radiation Assessment Detector
The Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity, operating on the surface of Mars, is exposed to radiation fluxes from above and below. Galactic Cosmic Rays travel through the Martian atmosphere,
Mars’ Surface Radiation Environment Measured with the Mars Science Laboratory’s Curiosity Rover
Measurements of the absorbed dose and dose equivalent from galactic cosmic rays and solar energetic particles on the martian surface for ~300 days of observations during the current solar maximum provide insight into the radiation hazards associated with a human mission to the surface of Mars and provide an anchor point with which to model the subsurface radiation environment.
Measurements of Forbush decreases at Mars: both by MSL on ground and by MAVEN in orbit
The Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD), on board Mars Science Laboratory's (MSL) Curiosity rover, has been measuring ground level particle fluxes along with the radiation dose rate at the surface of
Observations of neutron radiation environment during Odyssey cruise to Mars.
It is found that the Odyssey ambient neutron environment during May - September 2001 yields 10.6 ± 2.0 μSv per day, which is in good agreement with results reported for a similar measurement made with an instrument aboard the Mars Science Laboratory during its cruise to Mars in 2011-2012.
Radiation environment for future human exploration on the surface of Mars: the current understanding based on MSL/RAD dose measurements
Potential deleterious health effects to astronauts induced by space radiation is one of the most important long-term risks for human space missions, especially future planetary missions to Mars which
Charged particle spectra obtained with the Mars Science Laboratory Radiation Assessment Detector (MSL/RAD) on the surface of Mars
The Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD)—situated inside the Mars Science Laboratory's Curiosity rover—is the first ever instrument to measure the energetic particle radiation environment on the
The radiation environment on the surface of Mars - Summary of model calculations and comparison to RAD data.
Experimental results from the Radiation Assessment Detector of the Mars Science Laboratory are compared to model results from GEANT4, HETC-HEDS, HZETRN, MCNP6, and PHITS and Charged and neutral particle spectra and dose rates measured between 15 November 2015 and 15 January 2016 and model results calculated for this time period are investigated.


Overview of energetic particle hazards during prospective manned missions to Mars
A scenario for an initial manned mission to Mars involves transits through the Van Allen Radiation Belts, a 30 day ‘short surface stay’ and a 400 day Cruise Phase (to/from the planet). The
Up to 1-hour forecasting of radiation hazards from solar energetic ion events with relativistic electrons
[1] The sudden and prompt occurrence of solar energetic particle events poses a hazard to manned space activities and interferes with robotic space science missions. This study demonstrates the
Operational uses of the GOES energetic particle detectors
A central mission of the GOES space environment monitor program is to provide continuous, real-time monitoring of the near-Earth space environment. The GOES energetic particle sensor (EPS) and high
Monte Carlo Analysis of Pion Contribution to Absorbed Dose from Galactic Cosmic Rays
Abstract Accurate knowledge of the physics of interaction, particle production and transport is necessary to estimate the radiation damage to equipment used on spacecraft and the biological effects
The Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) Investigation
The Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) is an energetic particle detector designed to measure a broad spectrum of energetic particle radiation. It will make the
An improved model of galactic cosmic radiation for space exploration missions
Abstract The need for an accurate model that describes the galactic cosmic radiation, GCR, environment is becoming increasingly important in light of planned space exploration missions. There is
Heliospheric modulation of cosmic rays: Monthly reconstruction for 1951–2004
[1] The differential energy spectrum of galactic cosmic rays in the vicinity of the Earth can be parameterized by the so-called force field model which has only one parameter, the modulation
Assessment of galactic cosmic ray models
[1] Among several factors involved in the development of a manned space mission concept, the astronauts' health is a major concern that needs to be considered carefully. Galactic cosmic rays (GCRs),
Inversion of neutron/gamma spectra from scintillator measurements
The Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) on-board NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover will measure charged particles as well as neutron and gamma radiation on the Martian surface. Neutral
What is space weather
Abstract Space weather refers to the dynamic, highly variable conditions in the geospace environment including those on the sun, in the interplanetary medium, and in the