Measurement of the tritium concentration in the fractionated distillate from environmental water samples.

Abstract

Standard procedures for the measurement of tritium in water samples often require distillation of an appropriate sample aliquot. This distillation process may result in a fractionation of tritiated water and regular light water due to the vapor pressure isotope effect, introducing either a bias or an additional contribution to the total tritium measurement uncertainty. The current study investigates the relative change in vapor pressure isotope effect in the course of the distillation process, distinguishing it from and extending previously published measurements. The separation factor as a quantitative measure of the vapor pressure isotope effect is found to assume values of 1.04 ± 0.036, 1.05 ± 0.026, and 1.07 ± 0.038, depending on the vigor of the boiling process during distillation of the sample. A lower heat setting in the experimental setup, and therefore a less vigorous boiling process, results in a larger value for the separation factor. For a tritium measurement in water samples where the first 5 mL are discarded, the tritium concentration could be underestimated by 4-7%.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2014.04.012

Cite this paper

@article{Atkinson2014MeasurementOT, title={Measurement of the tritium concentration in the fractionated distillate from environmental water samples.}, author={Robert B. Atkinson and Teresa P Eddy and Wendy W Kuhne and Tim Jannik and Alexander Brandl}, journal={Journal of environmental radioactivity}, year={2014}, volume={135}, pages={113-9} }