Measurement of the first ionization potential of lawrencium, element 103

  title={Measurement of the first ionization potential of lawrencium, element 103},
  author={T. K. Sato and M. Asai and A. Borschevsky and T. Stora and N. Sato and Y. Kaneya and K. Tsukada and C. D{\"u}llmann and K. Eberhardt and E. Eliav and S. Ichikawa and U. Kaldor and J. Kratz and S. Miyashita and Y. Nagame and K. Ooe and A. Osa and D. Renisch and J. Runke and M. Sch{\"a}del and P. Th{\"o}rle-Pospiech and A. Toyoshima and N. Trautmann},
The chemical properties of an element are primarily governed by the configuration of electrons in the valence shell. Relativistic effects influence the electronic structure of heavy elements in the sixth row of the periodic table, and these effects increase dramatically in the seventh row—including the actinides—even affecting ground-state configurations. Atomic s and p1/2 orbitals are stabilized by relativistic effects, whereas p3/2, d and f orbitals are destabilized, so that ground-state… Expand
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  • Eliav, Kaldor, Ishikawa
  • Physics, Medicine
  • Physical review. A, Atomic, molecular, and optical physics
  • 1995
The relativistic Fock-space coupled-cluster method was applied to the Yb, Lu, and Lr atoms, and to several of their ions, and showed agreement within a few hundred wave numbers in most cases. Expand