Measurement of the Electrical Properties of a Thundercloud Through Muon Imaging by the GRAPES-3 Experiment.

@article{Hariharan2019MeasurementOT,
  title={Measurement of the Electrical Properties of a Thundercloud Through Muon Imaging by the GRAPES-3 Experiment.},
  author={B. Hariharan and A. Chandra and S. Dugad and S. K. Gupta and P. Jagadeesan and A. Jain and P. Mohanty and S. D. Morris and P. Nayak and P. Rakshe and K. Ramesh and B. S. Rao and L. V. Reddy and M. Zuberi and Y. Hayashi and S. Kawakami and S. Ahmad and H. Kojima and A. Oshima and S. Shibata and Y. Muraki and K. Tanaka},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2019},
  volume={122 10},
  pages={
          105101
        }
}
The GRAPES-3 muon telescope located in Ooty, India records rapid (∼10  min) variations in the muon intensity during major thunderstorms. Out of a total of 184 thunderstorms recorded during the interval of April 2011-December 2014, the one on December 1, 2014 produced a massive potential of 1.3 GV. The electric field measured by four well-separated (up to 6 km) monitors on the ground was used to help estimate some of the properties of this thundercloud, including its altitude and area that were… Expand
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