Measurement of technical performance in surgery for congenital heart disease: the stage I Norwood procedure.


OBJECTIVE No method of measuring technical performance exists for the stage I Norwood procedure. Hospital mortality is usually used as a surrogate for technical performance, but evidence is lacking to support this concept. A technical score was designed by expert consensus. METHODS The technical score included the following steps: (1) Stage I was divided… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2007.12.091