Measurement of mechanical properties of bone material in vitro by ultrasound reflection: Methodology and comparison with ultrasound transmission

@article{Antich1991MeasurementOM,
  title={Measurement of mechanical properties of bone material in vitro by ultrasound reflection: Methodology and comparison with ultrasound transmission},
  author={Peter Antich and Joseph A. Anderson and Richard B. Ashman and James E. Dowdey and J Gonzales and Robert C. Murry and Joseph E. Zerwekh and Charles Y. C. Pak},
  journal={Journal of Bone and Mineral Research},
  year={1991},
  volume={6}
}
An ultrasound reflection technique was designed and implemented to study the mechanical properties of bone material. The technique uses the fact that an ultrasound beam produced in water undergoes total internal reflection off a bone sample at a critical angle formally related to the velocity of a pressure wave in bone. When the plane of scattering is rotated around the normal to the sample surface, the critical angle varies with a periodic dependence dictated by the intrinsic symmetry of the… 
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