Measurement of machine-induced changes in thickness of the bovine teat.

  title={Measurement of machine-induced changes in thickness of the bovine teat.},
  author={Joern Hamann and Graeme A. Mein},
  journal={The Journal of dairy research},
  volume={57 4},
Machine milking induced repeatable, short-term changes in thickness of the teat apex. These changes were measured with a spring-loaded caliper instrument under milking conditions that imposed differing forces on the teat apex. The mean percentage changes in teat end thickness (relative to the premilking values for individual teats) varied from 10% decrease up to 20% or more increase depending on the particular milking system used. The overall decrease in teat end thickness associated with… CONTINUE READING

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