Measurement of coping and stress responses in women with breast cancer

  title={Measurement of coping and stress responses in women with breast cancer},
  author={Bruce E Compas and Ellen Burke Beckjord and Bede Agocha and Marne L. Sherman and Adela M Langrock and Cynthia I. Grossman and Barbara M. Dausch and Judith G. Glinder and Cheryl R. Kaiser and Cay Anderson‐Hanley and Linda J. Luecken},
The development of the Responses to Stress Questionnaire‐cancer version (RSQ‐CV) to assess coping with and responses to the stress of breast cancer is described. The RSQ‐CV was completed by 232 women with breast cancer near the time of their diagnosis. Confirmatory factor analyses verified a model that includes three voluntary coping factors (primary control engagement coping, secondary control engagement coping, disengagement coping) and two involuntary stress response factors (involuntary… 
Psychological adjustment to breast cancer: Automatic and controlled responses to stress
This study investigated the role of controlled and automatic responses to stress following a breast cancer diagnosis by combining self-report measures of coping and psychological distress and
Coping with Breast Cancer: A Meta-Analysis
Efforts to facilitate adaptation to stress, such as Acceptance and Positive Reappraisal, were related to higher well-being and health and Adaptive strategies and avoiding disengagement forms of coping seemed particularly beneficial for women undergoing treatment.
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Primary control coping was found to mediate the relationship between diabetes-related stress and maternal symptoms of anxiety and depression, and Maternal coping was not significantly associated with adolescent outcomes.
Coping and stress management training with special focus on women with breast cancer
Sickness absence, mainly due to breast cancer, increased markedly in the first year after breast cancer diagnosis, however, it approached the levels of breast cancer-free women five years later, and levels of sickness absence were back to the same levels as before diagnosis in a few years.
Stress, Coping and Cognitive Deficits in Women After Surgery for Breast Cancer
Findings highlight the potential relevance of psychological mechanisms, such as coping style, in cancer patients’ experience of neuropsychological deficits and indicate that use of passive coping styles may underlie this relationship between stress and neuro psychological deficits.
Adolescents and Young Adults Living with Congenital Heart Disease: Coping, Stress Reactivity, and Emotional Functioning
The higher individuals were in involuntary stress reactivity, the stronger was the association between primary control coping and lower depression and anxiety; these results can inform clinical efforts to prevent or reduce emotional distress among CHD survivors.
Mothers and fathers coping with their children's cancer: Individual and interpersonal processes.
  • B. Compas, H. Bemis, K. Vannatta
  • Psychology
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 2015
Mothers' and fathers' adaptation to a child's cancer diagnosis and treatment are characterized by both individual and interpersonal processes, with secondary control coping playing a central role in both of these processes.
Cross-cultural equivalence of coping and involuntary responses to stress in Spain and the United States
The cross-cultural equivalence of coping and involuntary responses to social stress was tested using confirmatory factor analysis of the Responses to Stress Questionnaire in samples of 421 Spanish
Measuring multiple dimensions of perceived control in women with newly diagnosed breast cancer.
Results indicate dimensions of FPC as differentially associated with indices of adjustment, suggesting multiple targets of interventions aimed at benefiting breast cancer survivors.


Coping and responses to stress in Navajo adolescents: Psychometric properties of the Responses to Stress Questionnaire
This study tested the factor structure of coping and stress responses in Navajo adolescents and examined the reliability and validity of the Responses to Stress Questionnaire (RSQ; Connor-Smith,
Responses to stress in adolescence: measurement of coping and involuntary stress responses.
The development of a measure of coping and involuntary stress responses in adolescence is described and correlations with both adolescents' and parents' reports of internalizing and externalizing symptoms were consistent with hypotheses.
Psychological adjustment in breast cancer: processes of emotional distress.
The process of psychological adjustment to breast cancer was examined at diagnosis and at 3- and 6-month follow-ups in a sample of 80 women with Stage I-Stage IV breast cancer, and low dispositional optimism reemerged as a significant predictor of changes in anxiety/depression at 6 months.
Coping and Emotional Distress in Primary and Recurrent Breast Cancer Patients
  • Miri Cohen
  • Psychology
    Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
  • 2004
Promotion of positive-focus coping strategies should be a key element in psychological interventions with cancer patients and highlighted the importance and relevance of positive attitude for reducing emotional distress in general and level of anxiety in particular.
Psychological Adjustment to Cancer: Control Beliefs and Coping in Adult Cancer Patients
Appraisals of control, the use of problem- andemotion-focused coping strategies, and symptoms ofanxiety/depression were assessed in a sample of 83 adultcancer patients (mean age of 41.6 years) on
How coping mediates the effect of optimism on distress: a study of women with early stage breast cancer.
Path analyses suggested that several coping reactions played mediating roles in the effect of optimism on distress; acceptance and the use of humor prospectively predicted lower distress; denial and disengagement predicted more distress.
Stress, coping, and immune function in breast cancer
  • L. Luecken, B. Compas
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
  • 2002
A biopsychosocial model is evaluated in which coping and psychological adjustment are associated with alterations in cortisol levels, immune function, and potential long-term medical outcomes in breast cancer patients.
Coping styles associated with psychological adjustment to advanced breast cancer.
Fighting spirit and emotional expressiveness were found to be associated with better adjustment in women with metastatic or recurrent breast cancer, and no conclusions regarding a causal relationship between adjustment and emotional expressesiveness or adjustment and fighting spirit were possible.
Adjustment to breast cancer: age‐related differences in coping and emotional distress
It is suggested that age is a salient factor to consider in the psychological adjustment of women with breast cancer near the time of initial diagnosis, with younger women exhibiting greater affective distress and a tendency to engage in less adaptive ways of coping, however, younger and older women do not differ in their adjustment over the subsequent course of their treatment and initial recovery.
Patterns of Coping in Women Completing Treatment for Breast Cancer
Abstract Two cost-effective one-day workshops presenting either problem-focused or emotion-focused coping strategies for women completing treatment for breast cancer were evaluated for their impact