Measurement of cardiac output by real-time 3D echocardiography in patients undergoing assessment for cardiac transplantation.


AIMS Heart transplant assessment includes cardiac output calculation by right heart catheterisation. Real-time 3D echocardiography (RT-3DE), unlike 2D echocardiography, can measure stroke volume without inaccurate geometrical assumptions. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and accuracy of non-invasive RT-3DE cardiac output calculation… (More)


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