A method for the quantitation of effector cell binding to anchorage fibroblast monolayers infected with HSV-1 is described. Human peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) as effector cells were labeled with chromium-51. Fetal human lung fibroblasts were grown to confluency in microtiter plates, infected with HSV-1 and loaded with anti-HSV antibody. The amount of radiolabeled PMN adhering to the monolayer was determined after appropriate incubation and washings. The effector binding assay was shown to be dependent on specific anti-HSV antibodies, antibody concentration, HSV viral expression, and inoculation time. This assay system is especially useful for the evaluation of effector to target cell conjugate formation when applied to anchorage target cells.