Measurement of South Pole ice transparency with the IceCube LED calibration system

@article{Aartsen2013MeasurementOS,
  title={Measurement of South Pole ice transparency with the IceCube LED calibration system},
  author={IceCube Collaboration M.G. Aartsen and R. U. Abbasi and Yasser Abdou and Markus Ackermann and J. H. Jr. Adams and Juan Antonio Aguilar and Markus Ahlers and David Altmann and Jan Auffenberg and Xinhua Bai and Mark Baker and Steven W. Barwick and V. Baum and Ryan Bay and James J. Beatty and Sabrina Bechet and Julia K. Becker Tjus and Kathrin Becker and M. Bell and Mohamed Lotfi Benabderrahmane and Segev BenZvi and Jens Berdermann and Patrick Berghaus and David Berley and Elisa Bernardini and Anna Bernhard and Daniel Bertrand and David Z. Besson and Gary Binder and Daniel Bindig and Martin Bissok and Erik Blaufuss and Jan Blumenthal and David J. Boersma and Stephanie M. Bohaichuk and Christian Bohm and Debanjan Bose and Sebastian Boser and Olga Botner and Lionel Brayeur and A. M. Brown and Ronald Bruijn and J{\"u}rgen Brunner and Stijn Buitink and Michael Carson and James Casey and Martin Casier and Dmitry Chirkin and Brian John Christy and Ken Clark and Fabian Clevermann and S. D. Cohen and Douglas Cowen and A. H. Cruz Silva and Matthias Danninger and Jacob Daughhetee and J. C. Davis and Catherine De Clercq and Simon De Ridder and Paolo Desiati and Meike de With and Tyce DeYoung and J. C. D'iaz-V'elez and Matthew Dunkman and Ryan Eagan and Benjamin Eberhardt and Jonathan Eisch and R. W. Ellsworth and Sebastian Euler and Paul A. Evenson and O. Fadiran and Ali R. Fazely and Anatoli Fedynitch and Jacob Feintzeig and Tom Feusels and Kirill Filimonov and Chad Finley and Tobias Fischer-Wasels and Samuel Flis and Anna Franckowiak and Robert Franke and Katharina Frantzen and T. Fuchs and Thomas K. Gaisser and J. Gallagher and Lisa Marie Gerhardt and Laura E. Gladstone and Thorsten Glusenkamp and Azriel Goldschmidt and Geraldina Golup and Jordan A. Goodman and Dariusz G'ora and Darren Grant and Andreas Gro{\ss} and M. Gurtner and Chang Hyon Ha and A. Haj Ismail and Allan Hallgren and Francis Halzen and Kael D. Hanson and David Heereman and Philip A. Heimann and Dirk Heinen and Klaus Helbing and Robert Eugene Hellauer and Stephanie Virginia Hickford and Gary C. Hill and Kara D. Hoffman and Ruth Hoffmann and Andreas Homeier and Kotoyo Hoshina and Warren Huelsnitz and Per Olof Hulth and Klas Hultqvist and Shahid Hussain and Aya Ishihara and Emanuel Jacobi and Janet S. Jacobsen and George S. Japaridze and Kyle Jero and Ola Jlelati and Basho Kaminsky and Alexander Kappes and Timo Karg and Albrecht Karle and John Lawrence Kelley and Joanna Kiryluk and Fabian Kislat and J. Klas and Spencer R. Klein and J. H. Kohne and Georges Kohnen and Hermann Kolanoski and Lutz Kopke and Claudio Kopper and Sandro Kopper and D. Jason Koskinen and Marek Kowalski and Mark Krasberg and G{\"o}sta Kroll and Jan Kunnen and Naoko Kurahashi and Takao Kuwabara and Mathieu L. M. Labare and Hagar Landsman and Michael James Larson and Mariola Lesiak-Bzdak and Julia Leute and Jan Lunemann and J. Madsen and Reina Maruyama and Keiichi Mase and Howard S. Matis and Frank McNally and Kevin J. Meagher and Martin Merck and P'eter M'esz'aros and Thomas Meures and Sandra Miarecki and Eike Middell and Natalie Milke and Jon Miller and Lars Mohrmann and Teresa Montaruli and R. Morse and Rolf Nahnhauer and Uwe Naumann and Hans Niederhausen and Sarah C. Nowicki and David R. Nygren and Anna Obertacke and Sirin Odrowski and Alexander R. Olivas and M. Olivo and Aongus O'Murchadha and Larissa Paul and Joshua A. Pepper and Carlos P'erez de los Heros and Carl Pfendner and Damian Pieloth and Norbert Pirk and Jonas Posselt and P. Buford Price and Gerald T. Przybylski and Leif Radel and Katherine Rawlins and Peter Christian Redl and Elisa Resconi and Wolfgang Rhode and Mathieu Ribordy and Michael Richman and Benedikt Riedel and Jo{\~a}o Paulo Rodrigues and Carsten Rott and Tim Ruhe and Bakhtiyar Ruzybayev and Dirk Ryckbosch and Sabine M. Saba and T. Salameh and Heinz Georg Sander and M. Santander and Subir Sarkar and Kai Schatto and Mario Scheel and Florian Scheriau and Timothy W. Schmidt and Martin Schmitz and Sebastian Schoenen and Sebastian Schoneberg and Lea Schonherr and A. R. Schonwald and Anne Schukraft and Lukas Schulte and O. Schulz and David Seckel and S H Seo and Yolanda Sestayo and Surujhdeo Seunarine and Chris Sheremata and Miles W. E. Smith and Michael Soiron and Dennis Soldin and Glenn M. Spiczak and Ch. Spiering and Michael Stamatikos and Todor Stanev and Alexander Stasik and Thorsten Stezelberger and Robert G. Stokstad and A. Stossl and Erik A. Strahler and R. G. Strom and Gregory W. Sullivan and Henric Taavola and Ignacio Taboada and Alessio Tamburro and Samvel Ter-Antonyan and Serap Tilav and Patrick A. Toale and Simona Toscano and Marcel Usner and D. van der Drift and Nick van Eijndhoven and Arne Van Overloop and Jakob van Santen and Markus Vehring and Markus Voge and Matthias Vraeghe and Ch. Walck and Tilo Waldenmaier and Marius Wallraff and R. Wasserman and C. Weaver and Mark Wellons and C. Wendt and Stefan Westerhoff and Nathan Whitehorn and Klaus Wiebe and Christopher Wiebusch and D. R. W. Williams and Henrike Wissing and Martin Wolf and Terri R. Wood and C. Xu and D. L. Xu and X. W. Xu and Juan Pablo Y{\'a}{\~n}ez and Gaurang B. Yodh and Shigeru Yoshida and Pavel Zarzhitsky and Jan Ziemann and Simon Zierke and Anne Zilles and Marcel Zoll},
  journal={Nuclear Instruments \& Methods in Physics Research Section A-accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment},
  year={2013},
  volume={711},
  pages={73-89}
}
  • I. C. M. Aartsen, R. Abbasi, +271 authors M. Zoll
  • Published 2013
  • Physics
  • Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section A-accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment
The IceCube Neutrino Observatory, approximately 1 km(3) in size, is now complete with 86 strings deployed in the Antarctic ice. IceCube detects the Cherenkov radiation emitted by charged particles passing through or created in the ice. To realize the full potential of the detector, the properties of light propagation in the ice in and around the detector must be well understood. This report presents a new method of fitting the model of light propagation in the ice to a data set of in situ light… Expand
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TLDR
It is found that, with adequate wavelength-shifter infusion, every ~0.05 increase in the ice’s refractive index will increase IceCube's photon sensitivity by 100%, opening the possibility for the substantial, cost-effective expansion of IceCube’'s reach. Expand
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The IceCube Neutrino Observatory, located at the South Pole, is the world's largest neutrino detector. DeepCore, the low energy extension for IceCube, with a threshold of about ten GeV is well suitedExpand
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References

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First Year Performance of The IceCube Neutrino Telescope
The first sensors of the IceCube neutrino observatory were deployed at the South Pole during the austral summer of 2004-05 and have been producing data since February 2005. One string of 60 sensorsExpand
First year performance of the IceCube neutrino telescope
Abstract The first sensors of the IceCube neutrino observatory were deployed at the South Pole during the austral summer of 2004–2005 and have been producing data since February 2005. One string ofExpand
Calibration and characterization of the IceCube photomultiplier tube
Over 5000 PMTs are being deployed at the South Pole to compose the IceCube neutrino observatory. Many are placed deep in the ice to detect Cherenkov light emitted by the products of high-energyExpand
The design and performance of IceCube DeepCore
The IceCube neutrino observatory in operation at the South Pole, Antarctica, comprises three distinct components: a large buried array for ultrahigh energy neutrino detection, a surface air showerExpand
Optical properties of deep glacial ice at the South Pole
We have remotely mapped optical scattering and absorption in glacial ice at the South Pole for wavelengths between 313 and 560 nm and depths between 1100 and 2350 m. We used pulsed and continuousExpand
Muon Track Reconstruction and Data Selection Techniques in AMANDA
The Antarctic Muon And Neutrino Detector Array (AMANDA) is a high-energy neutrino telescope operating at the geographic South Pole. It is a lattice of photo-multiplier tubes buried deep in the polarExpand
The IceCube data acquisition system: Signal capture, digitization, and timestamping
IceCube is a km-scale neutrino observatory under construction at the South Pole with sensors both in the deep ice (InIce) and on the surface (IceTop). The sensors, called Digital Optical ModulesExpand
The IceCube Data Acquisition System: Signal Capture, Digitization, and Timestamping
IceCube is a km-scale neutrino observatory under construction at the South Pole with sensors both in the deep ice (InIce) and on the surface (IceTop). The sensors, called Digital Optical ModulesExpand
Light tracking through ice and water—Scattering and absorption in heterogeneous media with Photonics
Abstract In the field of neutrino astronomy, large volumes of optically transparent matter like glacial ice, lake water, or deep ocean water are used as detector media. Elementary particleExpand
Calculation of the Cherenkov light yield from low energetic secondary particles accompanying high-energy muons in ice and water with Geant4 simulations
In this work we investigate and parameterize the amount and angular distribution of Cherenkov photons, which are generated by low-energy secondary particles (typically . 500 MeV), which accompany aExpand
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