Measurement of Situation Awareness in Dynamic Systems

@article{Endsley1995MeasurementOS,
  title={Measurement of Situation Awareness in Dynamic Systems},
  author={Mica R. Endsley},
  journal={Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society},
  year={1995},
  volume={37},
  pages={65 - 84}
}
  • M. Endsley
  • Published 1 March 1995
  • Psychology
  • Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
Methodologies for the empirical measurement of situation awareness are reviewed, including a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of each method and the potential limitations of the measures from a theoretical and practical viewpoint. Two studies are presented that investigate questions of validity and intrusiveness regarding a query-based technique. This technique requires that a simulation of the operational tasks be momentarily interrupted in order to query operators on their… 
Use of Real-Time Probes for Measuring Situation Awareness
This study examined the validity of real-time probes as measures of situation awareness (SA). Real-time probes are verbal queries (derived from an SA requirements analysis) posed to the operator
Direct Measurement of Situation Awareness: Validity and Use of SAGAT
TLDR
By collecting samples of SA data in this manner, situation perceptions can be collected immediately, reducing numerous problems incurred when collecting data on mental events after the fact, but not incurring intrusiveness problems associated with on-line questioning.
Using the situation present assessment method to measure situation awareness in simulated submarine track management
TLDR
A candidate real-time query-based method, the situation present assessment method (SPAM), was used to examine participants’ situation awareness in simulated submarine track management, and the relative predictive utility of current- and future- SPAM queries depended on the nature of the display information relevant to performance goals.
Situation awareness measurement: a review of applicability for C4i environments.
Evaluating probe techniques and a situated theory of situation awareness.
TLDR
All probe techniques were equally sensitive at capturing SA differences for different levels of equipage, but those that paused scenarios were least intrusive, consistent with situated SA.
Measurement Of Situation Awareness In A C4ISR Experiment
This paper describes an attempt to measure the situation awareness of Brigade Headquarters staff during a command post experiment conducted to quantify the benefits of a C4ISR system. The experiment
Situation awareness based on eye movements in relation to the task environment
TLDR
It is concluded that the outlined limitations of the SAGAT impede measurement of situation awareness, which can be computed more effectively from eye movement measurements in relation to the state of the task environment.
An initial usability evaluation of the secure situation awareness system
TLDR
An initial evaluation of the visualisation interface of a situation-awareness tool called Secure Situation Awareness (SSA) is considered to gather useful feedback from potential end-users on the usability of the tool’s interface to feed into the design and development of interfaces for similar systems.
Constructible Assessment for Situation Awareness in a Distributed C2 Environment
Abstract : A method for assessing situation awareness (SA) in field command and control exercises is described in this paper. This method is an adaptation of the Situation Awareness Global Assessment
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    Proceedings of the IEEE 1988 National Aerospace and Electronics Conference
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