Measurement and modeling of McKibben pneumatic artificial muscles

  title={Measurement and modeling of McKibben pneumatic artificial muscles},
  author={Ching-Ping Chou and Blake Hannaford},
  journal={IEEE Trans. Robotics Autom.},
This paper reports mechanical testing the modeling results for the McKibben artificial muscle pneumatic actuator. This device contains an expanding tube surrounded by braided cords. We report static and dynamic length-tension testing results and derive a linearized model of these properties for three different models. The results are briefly compared with human muscle properties to evaluate the suitability of McKibben actuators for human muscle emulation in biologically based robot arms. 

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