Meaning of the name tetrapoda in the scientific literature: an exchange.

@article{Laurin2004MeaningOT,
  title={Meaning of the name tetrapoda in the scientific literature: an exchange.},
  author={M. Laurin and Jason S. Anderson},
  journal={Systematic biology},
  year={2004},
  volume={53 1},
  pages={
          68-80
        }
}
This exchange stems from an on-going debate between advocates of crown clade (e.g., Gauthier et al., 1988; Rowe, 1988; Laurin, 1998) and those of apomorphybased (e.g., Ahlberg and Clack, 1998; Lee, 1999; Padian et al., 1999; Anderson, 2001) definitions of widely used taxon names (see Table 1 for a glossary of terms). Both types of definitions have advantages: apomorphy-based definitions usually retain a composition of taxa similar to that proposed in most paleontological studies (Lee, 1999… Expand
The phylogenetic definition of reptilia.
TLDR
It is now apparent that some of the definitions for wellknown taxon names established early in the emergence of PN were not devised following conventions now widely accepted, by either defining groups in an overly restrictive manner, or via selection of reference taxa without due consideration of the ramifications of differing tree topologies. Expand
Choosing reference taxa in phylogenetic nomenclature
TLDR
It is suggested that it is possible to quantify taxon stability using simple (but seldom-used) indices, and then choose only the most stable terminals to use as reference taxa in phylogenetic definitions, which enables one to apply names only to stable clades in the best-supported ‘backbone’ subtree within a phylogeny. Expand
Phylogenetic hypotheses, taxa and nomina in zoology
TLDR
There is an urgent need for the zoological Code to cover these nomina with automatic and stringent rules leaving no place to subjective interpretation, and the distinction should be made clear between taxonomic categories, which have biological definitions, and nomenclatural ranks, which do not. Expand
Sense and stability of taxon names
TLDR
This paper presents a meta-analyses of the literature onSense and stability of taxon names in response to natural disasters and investigates the role of natural disasters in the evolution of these names. Expand
An end to all things? — plants and their names
TLDR
It is argued that most of the apparently more cosmic issues brought up in this debate are based on a combination of a misunderstanding of the nature and purpose of language, fallacious reasoning and dubious—and largely irrelevant—interpretations of history. Expand
The splendid isolation of biological nomenclature
TLDR
Comparisons between RN and PN should focus on minimal taxonomic stability, rather than realized or maximal stability, and it is shown that in this respect, PN vastly outperforms RN. Expand
Fossils, molecules, divergence times, and the origin of lissamphibians.
A review of the paleontological literature shows that the early dates of appearance of Lissamphibia recently inferred from molecular data do not favor an origin of extant amphibians fromExpand
The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature must be drastically improved before it is too late
TLDR
It is argued here that if the Code of the 21st century does not evolve to incorporate these changes, it will prove unable to play its role in front of several important recent theoretical and practical developments of taxonomy and run the risk of being abandoned by a part of the international community of zootaxonomists. Expand
Focal Review: The Origin(s) of Modern Amphibians
TLDR
The present paper reviews the impact of this fossil on morphological and molecular phylogenies, and divergence timing estimates based on molecular models and the fossil record, and raises questions over either the validity of morphological analyses that support lissamphibian polyphyly or about the possibility of long branch attraction given the short internal divergences and long subsequent branches. Expand
The logical basis of phylogenetic taxonomy.
  • P. Sereno
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Systematic biology
  • 2005
TLDR
The following points are made: cladograms, rather than trees or hybrid cladogram-trees, provide the framework for the simplest graphical depiction of phylogenetic definitions and reasoned definitional revision is encouraged and better defined. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 91 REFERENCES
Stability of higher taxa in phylogenetic nomenclature — some comments on Moore (1998)
TLDR
The suggestion that a formal code of phylogenetic nomenclature urgently needs to be drafted is well taken, and Moore is in broad agreement with the view that apomorphy-based de®nitions are not necessarily inferior to node-and stem- based de®,nitions. Expand
Ancestry, Paleontology, and Definition of the Name Mammalia
TLDR
characters and contents to a Hennigian unit of descent more in keeping with the goals of the Darwinian Revolution (de Queiroz, 1988), and an apparent inability to separate the name Mammalia from the dade it resents, betrays the typological elements that still persist in current taxonomy. Expand
Phylogenetic definitions and nomenclature of the major taxonomic categories of the carnivorous Dinosauria (Theropoda)
TLDR
The new node-based name Eumaniraptora is proposed to refer to the most recent common ancestor of Deinonychus and Neornithes and all descendants of that ancestor. Expand
Use of well-known names in phylogenetic nomenclature: a reply to Laurin.
TLDR
Allometry of threespine stickleback body form using landmark based morphometrics and spatiotemporal reorganization of growth rates in the evolution of ontogeny. Expand
Tetrapod phylogeny, amphibian origins, and the definition of the name tetrapoda.
  • M. Laurin
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Systematic biology
  • 2002
TLDR
The most detailed, computer-generated phylogeny of early amphibians has been published recently, but the views Anderson expressed about the polyphyletic origin of extant amphibians and about the application of phylogenetic nomenclature are problematic. Expand
Stability in meaning and content of taxon names: an evaluation of crown-clade definitions
  • Michael S. Y. Lee
  • Biology
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 1996
TLDR
There is no compelling reason to radically redefine familiar taxon names such as Aves, Mammalia and Tetrapoda to apply to ‘crown-clades’: monophyletic groups bounded by extant forms, and it is possible to attach such well-known taxonNames to more-inclusive groups that closely approximate ‘traditional’ usage. Expand
Feathered Dinosaurs, Flying Dinosaurs, Crown Dinosaurs and the Names "Aves"
TLDR
This work proposes a taxonomy that resolves current nomenclatural ambiguity by using a different name for each of the clades that everyone wants to talk about—namely, those composed of bird-line archosaurs, the feathered dinosaurs, the flying dinosaurs, and the crown dinosaurs. Expand
Early tetrapod relationships revisited
TLDR
A deep split of early tetrapods between lissamphibian‐ and amniote‐related taxa is detected and is indicated by the results of the original parsimony run ‐ as well as those retrieved from several other treatments of the data set. Expand
The phylogenetic trunk: maximal inclusion of taxa with missing data in an analysis of the lepospondyli (Vertebrata, Tetrapoda).
TLDR
The phylogenetic trunk approach is proposed to allow optimization of taxonomic inclusion and tree stability and finds a single most-parsimonious tree, or trunk, after the removal of one taxon identified as being problematic. Expand
Phylogeny as a Central Principle in Taxonomy: Phylogenetic Definitions of Taxon Names
Defining the names of taxa in terms of common ancestry, that is, using phylogenetic definitions of taxon names, departs from a tradition of character-based definitions by granting the concept ofExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...