Mean Girls? The Influence of Gender Portrayals in Teen Movies on Emerging Adults' Gender-Based Attitudes and Beliefs

@article{BehmMorawitz2008MeanGT,
  title={Mean Girls? The Influence of Gender Portrayals in Teen Movies on Emerging Adults' Gender-Based Attitudes and Beliefs},
  author={Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz and Dana E. Mastro},
  journal={Journalism \& Mass Communication Quarterly},
  year={2008},
  volume={85},
  pages={131 - 146}
}
This two-part exploratory study utilized a social cognitive theory framework in documenting gender portrayals in teen movies and investigating the influence of exposure to these images on gender-based beliefs about friendships, social aggression, and roles of women in society. First, a content analysis of gender portrayals in teen movies was conducted, revealing that female characters are more likely to be portrayed as socially aggressive than male characters. Second, college students were… 
The Teen Series and the Young Target: Gender Stereotypes In Television Fiction Targeted to Teenagers.
This paper presents the key results arising from a study about representation of male and female characters of the teen series. The main aim of the study is to build knowledge about the images of
Portrayals of Male and Female Scientists in Television Programs Popular Among Middle School-Age Children
This content analysis examined portrayals of scientist characters in 14 television programs popular among or likely to have been viewed by middle school—age children. While male scientists
Social Roles Affect Possible Future Selves A Crack in the Crystal Ball ? Prolonged Exposure to Media Portrayals of
A prolonged-exposure experiment, spanning 10 days, investigated how gendertyped portrayals in magazines affect young women’s visions of their personal future. Competing hypotheses regarding impacts
Real mean girls? Reality television viewing, social aggression, and gender-related beliefs among female emerging adults.
The popularity of reality TV programming exceeds that of any other genre, particularly among young female viewers. Past research suggests a link between viewing reality TV, gender stereotyping, and
The Effects of Portrayals of Gay Men on Homonegativity and the Attribution of Gender-Based Descriptors
The present study examined the effects of a gay male television portrayal on a sample of 107 college-aged participants. Participants were exposed to either a representation of a feminine gay male
Conceptualizations of Female Empowerment and Enjoyment of Sexualized Characters in Reality Television
This study explores how young women's definitions of empowerment relate to their reception of The Girls Next Door, a popular reality show that documents the life and fun times of Hugh Hefner's three
A Crack in the Crystal Ball? Prolonged Exposure to Media Portrayals of Social Roles Affect Possible Future Selves
TLDR
Despite much advocacy for increasing the number of strong female role models in the media, the perpetuation of traditional beauty ideals makes women feel more positively about their future.
Gender‐Role Socialization in the Twenty‐First Century
Gender-role socialization has been a critical element in the study of mass communication since the late 1960s. This chapter will review our knowledge of this topic looking specifically at gender-role
Portrayals of Relational Aggression in Popular Teen Movies: 1980-2009
Portrayals of Relational Aggression in Popular Teen Movies: 1980-2009 Halie Foell Stout Department of Communications Master of Arts The media is littered with various portrayals of aggression. This
A Content Analysis of Relationships and Intimacy in Teen Dramas on Television
A Content Analysis of Relationships and Intimacy in Teen Dramas on Television Sara Valoise Lamb School of Communications, BYU Master of Arts Television programs continue to play a significant role in
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 49 REFERENCES
The Effects of Television Cartoons on Sex-Role Stereotyping in Young Girls.
DAVIDSON, EMILY S.; YASUNA, AMY; and TOWER, ALAN. The Effects of Television Cartoons on Sex-Role Stereotyping in Young Girls. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, 1979, 50, 597-600. 36 5-6-year-old girls viewed one of
Television, Sex-Role Attitudes, and Sex-Role Behavior
Amount of television viewing, sex-role attitudes, and sex-role behavior were measured at two points in time in a sample of 287 adolescents. The sex-role measures concern respondents' attitudes about
A social identity approach to understanding the impact of television messages
Based on the postulates of social identity theory (SIT), this study examined the relationship between exposure to stereotypical media messages regarding race/ethnicity and subsequent social
Messages from Teens on the Big Screen: Smoking, Drinking, and Drug Use in Teen-Centered Films
  • S. Stern
  • Psychology
    Journal of health communication
  • 2005
TLDR
Overall, recent teen-centered films may teach teen viewers that substance use is relatively common, mostly risk-free, and appropriate for anyone.
Television viewing and the learning of sex-role stereotypes
This study was designed to determine the relationship between the amount of time children spend watching television and their knowledge of adult sex-role stereotypes. Males and females in grades 1,
Viewer Aggression and Homophily, Identification, and Parasocial Relationships With Television Characters
This study examined the antecedents of viewer relationships experienced with television characters. Based on social cognitive theory, we considered how trait aggression helped explain identification,
The Cycle of Popularity: Interpersonal Relations among Female Adolescents.
Despite evidence that friends -are extremely important to adolescents, there has been little research on early adolescent peer relations, especially on peer relations among girls. The research that
Effects of stereotypical television portrayals of African-Americans on person perception
An experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that stereotypical television portrayals of African-Americans increase the likelihood that whites will make negative social perception judgments of
Characteristics and Homogeneity of Early Adolescent Friendship Groups: A Comparison of Male and Female Clique and Nonclique Members
The goals of this study were to examine gender differences in the adaptive and maladaptive characteristics of clique membership and in clique homogeneity. We compared the characteristics of clique
Social cognitive theory of gender development and differentiation.
TLDR
This article presents the social cognitive theory of gender role development and functioning, which specifies how gender conceptions are constructed from the complex mix of experiences and how they operate in concert with motivational and self-regulatory mechanisms to guide gender-linked conduct throughout the life course.
...
...