Maximum isometric arm forces in the horizontal plane.

  title={Maximum isometric arm forces in the horizontal plane.},
  author={Evert Jan Nijhof and David A. Gabriel},
  journal={Journal of biomechanics},
  volume={39 4},
In this paper, we measured the maximum isometric force at the hand in eight directions in the horizontal plane and at five positions in the workplace. These endpoint forces were the result of shoulder horizontal adduction/abduction and elbow flexion/extension torques. We found that the normalized maximum forces of all the six subjects deviated less than 15%, despite intra-subject differences in muscle strength of more than a factor of two. The maximum forces were found to systematically depend… CONTINUE READING