Maxillary protraction: different effects on facial morphology in unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate patients.

@article{Tindlund1993MaxillaryPD,
  title={Maxillary protraction: different effects on facial morphology in unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate patients.},
  author={R S Tindlund and P Rygh},
  journal={The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association},
  year={1993},
  volume={30 2},
  pages={
          208-21
        }
}
Since 1977 patients with anterior/posterior crossbites in the care of the Bergen CLP team have undergone an interceptive orthopedic protraction phase during the deciduous and mixed dentition period. Eighty-seven cases with complete clefts (63 unilateral and 24 bilateral) displaying anterior crossbite (negative overjet) were treated to normal occlusion. A fixed quad-helix appliance was used in combination with a facial mask. In the unilateral complete cleft lip and palate (UCLP) group, mean age… CONTINUE READING

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