Max Weber's Types of Rationality: Cornerstones for the Analysis of Rationalization Processes in History

  title={Max Weber's Types of Rationality: Cornerstones for the Analysis of Rationalization Processes in History},
  author={Stephen Kalberg},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  pages={1145 - 1179}
  • Stephen Kalberg
  • Published 1 March 1980
  • Sociology
  • American Journal of Sociology
Rationality has been recognized as perhaps the major theme in Max Weber's oeuvre. The commentators who have addressed this theme have generally constricted its polymorphous character. This article inventories Weber's usage of "rationality" and "rationalization" in "Economy and Society" and the "Collected Essays in the Sociology of Religion." Four types of rationality are identified and compared with one another: practical, theoretical, substantive, and formal. Only "ethical substantive… 
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