Maulānā Raḥmat Allāh Kairānawī and Muslim-Christian Controversy in India in the Mid-19th Century

  title={Maulānā Raḥmat Allāh Kairānawī and Muslim-Christian Controversy in India in the Mid-19th Century},
  author={Avril A. Powell},
  journal={Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain \& Ireland},
  pages={42 - 63}
  • A. Powell
  • Published 1 January 1976
  • History
  • Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland
During the 1850's a prolonged encounter took place in the city of Agra between a Muslim ‘ālim, Maulānā Raḥmat Alläh Kairānawī, and a German evangelical missionary, the Reverend K. G. Pfander. The early Mughal emperors had developed Agra as the capital of their expanding empire, and even after the transfer of the court in 1648 to nearby Delhi, the city had retained some importance as a centre of Muslim culture and learning. But the period of the decline of the Mughal fortunes in the 18th century… 

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